BACKGROUND Neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) is one of the mechanisms underlying development of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). In this study, we investigated IL-6-induced NED in two LNCaP sublines. METHODS LNCaP-S17, an LNCaP subline that secretes IL-6, and LNCaP-C3, a control subline that does not express IL-6, were analyzed for IL-6-induced NED, activation of JAK2 and STAT3 pathways, and expression of IL-6/IL-6R signaling proteins and downstream target genes. RESULTS IL-6 did not induce NED in LNCaP-S17 cells, even though IL-6 induced NED in LNCaP-C3 cells. IL-6 activated JAK2 and STAT3 pathways in LNCaP-C3 cells but not in LNCaP-S17 cells. IL-6 did not activate ERK1/2, AKT, or NF-κB pathways in either cell line. Both LNCaP-C3 and LNCaP-S17 cell lines expressed IL-6R, gp130, and TYK2 at almost the same levels and did not express JAK1 or JAK3. The basal level of JAK2 expression was slightly higher in LNCaP-C3 cells than in LNCaP-S17 cells. Two suppressors of cytokine signaling, SOCS7 and cytokine-inducible SH2 protein (CIS), were expressed constitutively at higher levels in LNCaP-S17 cells than in LNCaP-C3 cells, while SOCS1 to SOCS6 were expressed at approximately the same levels. Using siRNA to knockdown SOCS7 and CIS expression in LNCaP-S17 cells led to increased phosphorylation of STAT3 upon IL-6 stimulation. CONCLUSIONS LNCaP-S17 cells are resistant to exogenous IL-6-induced NED due to increased levels of CIS/SOCS7 that block activation of JAK2-STAT3 pathways.
- prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas