Lipid Lowering with Soluble Dietary Fiber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consumption of dietary soluble fibers has been associated with health benefits such as reduced lipid levels, lower blood pressure, improved blood glucose control, weight loss, improved immune function, and reduced inflammation. Many of these health benefits relate to a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular disease. In this paper, we have reviewed recent studies on the hypocholesterolemic effects of dietary soluble fibers as well as fiber-rich foods. Findings include the following: (a) consumption of water-soluble, viscous-forming fibers can reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by about 5–10 %; (b) minimal changes of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglyceride levels were observed; (c) cholesterol-lowering properties of soluble fibers depend on their physical and chemical properties; and (d) medium to high molecular weight fibers are more effective in reducing lipid levels. Hypocholesterolemic benefits were also observed with some fiber-rich foods, such as whole oats, whole barley, legumes, peas, beans, flax seeds, apples, and citrus foods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number75
JournalCurrent Atherosclerosis Reports
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Diet
  • Fiber-rich food
  • LDL cholesterol
  • Microbiome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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