Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplementation Increases High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Efflux Capacity and Is Associated with Changes in the HDL Glycoproteome in Children

Brian V. Hong, Chenghao Zhu, Maurice Wong, Romina Sacchi, Christopher H. Rhodes, Jea Woo Kang, Charles D. Arnold, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Anna Lartey, Brietta M. Oaks, Carlito B. Lebrilla, Kathryn G. Dewey, Angela M. Zivkovic

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Prenatal plus postnatal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) improved child growth at 18 months in the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements DYAD trial in Ghana. In this secondary outcome analysis, we determined whether SQ-LNS versus prenatal iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation improves the cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and alters their lipidomic, proteomic, or glycoproteomic composition in a subset of 80 children at 18 months of age. HDL CEC was higher among children in the SQ-LNS versus IFA group (20.9 ± 4.1 vs 19.4 ± 3.3%; one-tailed p = 0.038). There were no differences in HDL lipidomic or proteomic composition between groups. Twelve glycopeptides out of the 163 analyzed were significantly altered by SQ-LNS, but none of the group differences remained significant after correction for multiple testing. Exploratory analysis showed that 6 out of the 33 HDL-associated proteins monitored differed in glycopeptide enrichment between intervention groups, and 6 out of the 163 glycopeptides were correlated with CEC. We conclude that prenatal plus postnatal SQ-LNS may modify HDL protein glycoprofiles and improve the CEC of HDL particles in children, which may have implications for subsequent child health outcomes. This trial was registered at as NCT00970866.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32022-32031
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 30 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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