Linear and angular measurements of computer-generated models: Are they accurate, valid, and reliable?

Amir A. Jamali, Christopher Deuel, Aimee Perreira, Christopher J. Salgado, John C Hunter, E Bradley Strong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Traditional advanced imaging modalities such as CT and MRI are limited in their ability to perform accurate linear distance and angular measurements regardless of anatomical orientation. The construction of 3D models has been used to perform anthropometric analyses as well as in the reconstruction of rapid prototypes. We hypothesized that such measurements would be precise to within 2 mm or 2° of measurements performed with a coordinate measurement machine (CMM). We also hypothesized that there would be a high degree of interobserver reliability with these measurements. Materials and Methods: Multiple aluminum screws were implanted in various positions in three foam pelvises which were subsequently scanned by CT and rendered as 3D models using a commercially available software package (Mimics). Linear and angular measurements were performed using a CMM machine, the software package, and a dial caliper or goniometer. The deviation of the measurements from the CMM data was compared using ANOVA. The interobserver reliability of both the manual and computer-generated measurements was calculated. Results: The mean difference between the CMM distances and those measured manually and with the software was 2.12 ± 1.20 mm and 1.57 ± 1.05 mm, respectively. The mean difference between the CMM angular measurements and the angular measurements performed manually and with the software was 4.07 ± 4.70° and 1.62 ± 1.32°, respectively. In all cases, the manual measurements were significantly less accurate (p < 0.0001) and there was a high degree of interobserver reliability. Conclusions: Computer-generated measurements taken from three-dimensionally reconstructed models are more accurate than manual measurements and are within 2 mm and 2° of measurements performed with a CMM. These measurements have high interobserver reliability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-285
Number of pages8
JournalComputer Aided Surgery
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Angular measurement
  • Computer-generated model
  • CT
  • Mimics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Surgery
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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