Likely effects on obesity from proposed changes to the US food stamp program

Julian M. Alston, Conner C. Mullally, Daniel A. Sumner, Marilyn Townsend, Stephen A. Vosti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Some have suggested that the US food stamp program (FSP) should be revised with a view to combating obesity among the poor. In this paper, we assess the likely impacts of allowing FSP participants to purchase only healthy foods when using food stamps. Our results indicate that FSP participants would probably increase their consumption of healthy food, but the implications for their purchases of unhealthy food are not clear. Market-wide consequences are even less clear, because changing what may be purchased using food stamps would lead to higher prices for healthy foods and lower prices for unhealthy foods and these price effects would feed back into consumer decisions, with adverse effects on consumption patterns of both participants and non-participants in the FSP. In addition, more restrictive rules on the use of food stamps would discourage participation in the FSP. We conclude that, while reforming the FSP may indeed to lead to better diets among participants, it is likely to be an ineffective and inefficient instrument for bringing about desired nutritional outcomes unless accompanied by additional policy instruments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalFood Policy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • Healthy food
  • Obesity
  • Policy change
  • US food stamps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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