The anticancer drug bleomycin is a glycopeptide that causes strand scission of DNA both in vivo and in vitro. Cleavage of DNA by bleomycin has been studied extensively in vitro, with the findings that ferrous ion and molecular oxygen must be present and that addition of reducing agents greatly enhances the reaction. To date, only iron has been shown to be an effective metal cofactor for the cleavage of DNA by bleomycin. Here it is reported that two stable cobalt(III) complexes of bleomycin are strikingly effective in causing single-strand breaks (nicks) in supercoiled DNA in the presence of ultraviolet or visible radiation. For example, 366-nm light from an 18-W long-wavelength mercury lamp for 1 h causes 10-6 M cobalt(III) bleomycin to completely convert supercoiled φX174 DNA (10-8 M DNA, 10-4 M phosphate) into the nicked circular form. Furthermore, numerous alkali-labile sites are produced on the DNA during this treatment. The observed reactions are not caused by adventitious iron, and they occur only in the presence of cobalt(III) bleomycin and light.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - 1982|
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