Purpose: Since Blaisdell et al. first described axillobifemoral bypass and aortic exclusion to treat patients at high risk with abdominal aortic aneurysms in 1965, this approach has been controversial. To help define the appropriate application of this procedure, the recent experience of the authors was reviewed. Methods: Twenty-six patients underwent operation between March 1980 and August 1992. Mean age was 71 ± 7 years. Average aneurysm diameter was 7.0 ± 1.5 cm. Sixty-nine percent of the aneurysms were symptomatic; 21% were suprarenal. All patients had serious comorbid factors. All underwent axillobifemoral bypass with iliac artery ligation; the infrarenal aorta was also ligated in 62%. Results: There were two postoperative deaths (7.7%). One- and two-year survival rates were 59% and 38%, respectively. Three patients died of aneurysm rupture (11.5%); the aorta had not been ligated in two of these patients. The remaining late deaths were due to comorbid conditions. Extraanatomic bypass grafts thrombosed in five patients; no limbs were lost. Conclusions: Axillobifemoral bypass without aortic ligation does not effectively reduce the risk of aneurysm rupture. However, axillobifemoral bypass with aortic ligation is an acceptable treatment for patients with severe medical problems and symptomatic, anatomically complicated, or large abdominal aortic aneurysms. Because the risk of aneurysm rupture is not completely eliminated, this procedure should be reserved for patients with high-risk aneurysms who would not tolerate direct aortic replacement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine