Lifetime suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in Asian Americans

Janice Ka Yan Cheng, Tonya L Fancher, Milin Ratanasen, Kenneth R. Conner, Paul R. Duberstein, Stanley Sue, David Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few studies have examined the role of culturally relevant factors in suicidal behavior among Asian Americans. Using the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS) (Alegria et al., 2004; Heeringa et al., 2004), the current study examined the role of culturally related variables (family conflict, perceived discrimination, and ethnic identity) on suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a nationally representative sample of 2,095 Asian Americans. Important covariates were sociodemographic characteristics (gender, age, marital status, years of education, household poverty, and nativity status), depressive and anxiety disorders, and number of chronic conditions. Gender related correlates were also explored. The lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts was 8.8 and 2.5, respectively. Female gender, family conflict, perceived discrimination, and the presence of lifetime depressive or anxiety disorders were positively correlated with suicidal ideation and attempts. A high level of identification with one's ethnic group was associated with lower rates of suicide attempts. Among Asian men, but not women, the presence of chronic medical conditions was associated with suicidal ideation. Findings highlight the contributions to suicide risk of cultural factors and gender differences in Asian Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-30
Number of pages13
JournalAsian American Journal of Psychology
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

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Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Discrimination
  • Ethnic identity
  • Family conflict
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cheng, J. K. Y., Fancher, T. L., Ratanasen, M., Conner, K. R., Duberstein, P. R., Sue, S., & Takeuchi, D. (2010). Lifetime suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in Asian Americans. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 1(1), 18-30. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018799