Life at the margins: Modulation of attachment proteins in Helicobacter pylori

Mary E. Moore, Thomas Borén, Jay V Solnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori is the primary cause of peptic ulcer disease and is estimated to account for about 60% of all cases of gastric cancer, the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Among the H. pylori virulence factors associated with disease, in addition to the well-known cag pathogenicity island, is the BabA adhesin, an outer membrane protein that binds with high affinity to fucosylated glycans on the gastric epithelium, such as Lewis B (Leb) and related terminal fucose residues found on the blood group O (H antigen), A and B antigens. BabA-mediated attachment to the gastric mucosa promotes chronic inflammation and gastric pathology, which from the bacterial perspective carries both risks and benefits. We recently described modulation in expression of BabA and related outer membrane proteins that occurs during colonization of experimental animals.1,2 Here we put these findings into a broader context, and speculate on their implications for the host-pathogen relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGut Microbes
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Inflammation
  • Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

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