Language: Aphasia

Nina Dronkers, J. V. Baldo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aphasia is an impairment in speech and language following injury to the brain. It typically results from lesions in the peri-Sylvian regions of the left hemisphere. Depending on the brain regions affected, the pattern of speech and language deficits varies. The major classifications of aphasia include: Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, conduction aphasia, global aphasia, anomic aphasia, and the transcortical aphasia. These aphasia types are distinguished by the pattern of deficits in fluency, comprehension, naming, and repetition. This article reviews the clinical, cognitive-linguistic, and neural correlates of these aphasia syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages343-348
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Anomia
  • Aphasia
  • Broca's aphasia
  • Broca's area
  • Conduction aphasia
  • Fluent aphasia
  • Global aphasia
  • Language
  • Nonfluent aphasia
  • Transcortical aphasia
  • Wernicke's aphasia
  • Wernicke's area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Dronkers, N., & Baldo, J. V. (2010). Language: Aphasia. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 343-348). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01876-3