Language

Aphasia

Nina Dronkers, J. V. Baldo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aphasia is an impairment in speech and language following injury to the brain. It typically results from lesions in the peri-Sylvian regions of the left hemisphere. Depending on the brain regions affected, the pattern of speech and language deficits varies. The major classifications of aphasia include: Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, conduction aphasia, global aphasia, anomic aphasia, and the transcortical aphasia. These aphasia types are distinguished by the pattern of deficits in fluency, comprehension, naming, and repetition. This article reviews the clinical, cognitive-linguistic, and neural correlates of these aphasia syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages343-348
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Aphasia
Language
Conduction Aphasia
Anomia
Wernicke Aphasia
Broca Aphasia
Linguistics
Brain Injuries
Brain

Keywords

  • Anomia
  • Aphasia
  • Broca's aphasia
  • Broca's area
  • Conduction aphasia
  • Fluent aphasia
  • Global aphasia
  • Language
  • Nonfluent aphasia
  • Transcortical aphasia
  • Wernicke's aphasia
  • Wernicke's area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Dronkers, N., & Baldo, J. V. (2010). Language: Aphasia. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 343-348). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01876-3

Language : Aphasia. / Dronkers, Nina; Baldo, J. V.

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2010. p. 343-348.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Dronkers, N & Baldo, JV 2010, Language: Aphasia. in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 343-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01876-3
Dronkers N, Baldo JV. Language: Aphasia. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd. 2010. p. 343-348 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01876-3
Dronkers, Nina ; Baldo, J. V. / Language : Aphasia. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2010. pp. 343-348
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