Lactation among adolescent mothers and subsequent bone mineral density

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association of breastfeeding during adolescence with bone mineral density (BMD) during young adulthood. Methods: Secondary analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey conducted from 1988 through 1994, was performed. The BMDs for 5 regions of the proximal femur as measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry were compared for 5 groups of women aged 20 to 25 years (n = 819); the groups included those who had been: (1) adolescent mothers and had breastfed (n = 94), (2) adolescent mothers and had not breastfed (n = 151), (3) mothers who first gave birth as adults and breastfed (n = 67), (4) mothers who first gave birth as adults and had not breastfed (n = 89), and (5) nulliparous (n = 418). SUDAAN software was used to account for the complex sampling design of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Adjusted mean differences in BMD were estimated using least-squares linear regression. Results: During young adulthood, women who breastfed during adolescence had higher adjusted BMDs, which was statistically significant in 4 of the 5 regions, than those who had not breastfed (total proximal femur area difference, 0.049 gm/cm2 [95% confidence interval, 0.002-0.095]) and BMDs equivalent to nulliparous women (total proximal femur area difference, 0.024 gm/cm2 [95% confidence interval, -0.023 to 0.071]). Adjusting also for obstetric variables, women who breastfed during adolescence had higher BMDs in all 5 regions compared with their peers who had not breastfed (total proximal femur area difference, 0.053 gm/cm2 [95% confidence interval, 0.029-0.0771). Conclusions: In this nationally representative sample, breastfeeding by adolescent mothers was associated with greater BMD in the proximal femur during young adulthood. Lactation was not found to be detrimental and may be protective to the bone health of adolescent mothers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-656
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume158
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

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Lactation
Bone Density
Femur
Mothers
Birth Order
Nutrition Surveys
Confidence Intervals
Breast Feeding
Least-Squares Analysis
Obstetrics
Linear Models
Software
Cross-Sectional Studies
X-Rays
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Lactation among adolescent mothers and subsequent bone mineral density. / Chantry, Caroline J; Auinger, Peggy; Byrd, Robert S.

In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 158, No. 7, 07.2004, p. 650-656.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Lactation among adolescent mothers and subsequent bone mineral density",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the association of breastfeeding during adolescence with bone mineral density (BMD) during young adulthood. Methods: Secondary analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey conducted from 1988 through 1994, was performed. The BMDs for 5 regions of the proximal femur as measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry were compared for 5 groups of women aged 20 to 25 years (n = 819); the groups included those who had been: (1) adolescent mothers and had breastfed (n = 94), (2) adolescent mothers and had not breastfed (n = 151), (3) mothers who first gave birth as adults and breastfed (n = 67), (4) mothers who first gave birth as adults and had not breastfed (n = 89), and (5) nulliparous (n = 418). SUDAAN software was used to account for the complex sampling design of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Adjusted mean differences in BMD were estimated using least-squares linear regression. Results: During young adulthood, women who breastfed during adolescence had higher adjusted BMDs, which was statistically significant in 4 of the 5 regions, than those who had not breastfed (total proximal femur area difference, 0.049 gm/cm2 [95{\%} confidence interval, 0.002-0.095]) and BMDs equivalent to nulliparous women (total proximal femur area difference, 0.024 gm/cm2 [95{\%} confidence interval, -0.023 to 0.071]). Adjusting also for obstetric variables, women who breastfed during adolescence had higher BMDs in all 5 regions compared with their peers who had not breastfed (total proximal femur area difference, 0.053 gm/cm2 [95{\%} confidence interval, 0.029-0.0771). Conclusions: In this nationally representative sample, breastfeeding by adolescent mothers was associated with greater BMD in the proximal femur during young adulthood. Lactation was not found to be detrimental and may be protective to the bone health of adolescent mothers.",
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