Lack of pharmacologic tolerance and rebound angina pectoris during twice-daily therapy with isosorbide-5-mononitrate

Udho Thadani, Claude R. Maranda, Ezra A Amsterdam, Leo Spaccavento, Richard G. Friedman, Robert Chernoff, Stephen Zellner, Jeffrey Gorwit, Paul H. Hinderaker

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54 Scopus citations

Abstract

■ Objective: To determine whether isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN), an active metabolite of isosorbide dinitrate, when given twice daily (in the morning and 7 hours later), prevents development of tolerance and reduction in exercise performance or is associated with a rebound increase in anginal attacks in patients with stable angina pectoris. ■ Design: Multicenter, placebo-controlled, parallelgroup, double-blind, randomized study. ■ Setting: Four university teaching hospitals and five private cardiology outpatient clinics. ■ Patients: 116 patients with stable exertional angina who stopped treadmill exercise because of angina pectoris. ■ Intervention: After stopping all antianginal drugs with the exception of beta-blockers, patients received singleblind placebo for .1 week followed by either 20 mg of IS-5-MN (n = 60 patients) or placebo (n = 62 patients) twice daily at 0800 hours and 1500 hours for 2 weeks. ■ Measurements: Serial symptom-limited exercise tests and patients' diaries recording activity and date, time, and severity of anginal attacks. ■ Results: Compared with placebo recipients, patients receiving IS-5-MN walked significantly longer at 2, 5, and 7 hours after the 0800-hour dose (P < 0.01) and at 2 and 5 hours after the 1500-hour dose (P < 0.01). Before the morning (0800-hour) dose, exercise duration increased by 0.53 minutes in placebo recipients and by 0.85 minutes in those receiving IS-5-MN therapy (P = 0.10). Neither nocturnal nor early-morning anginal attacks increased during IS-5-MN therapy compared with placebo. Headaches occurred in 19 (32%) patients in the IS-5-MN group and in 9 (15%) patients in the placebo group but necessitated discontinuation of treatment in only 2 (3%) patients in the IS-5-MN group. ■ Conclusion: lsosorbide-5-mononitrate, 20 mg twice daily given 7 hours apart, was well tolerated and improved exercise performance for 7 hours after the morning dose and for 5 hours after the afternoon dose without evidence of development of pharmacologic tolerance. No rebound increase in anginal attacks was found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-359
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Volume120
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Thadani, U., Maranda, C. R., Amsterdam, E. A., Spaccavento, L., Friedman, R. G., Chernoff, R., Zellner, S., Gorwit, J., & Hinderaker, P. H. (1994). Lack of pharmacologic tolerance and rebound angina pectoris during twice-daily therapy with isosorbide-5-mononitrate. Annals of Internal Medicine, 120(5), 353-359.