Lack of glucuronidation products of trans-resveratrol in plasma and urine of cats

K. Burnett, Birgit Puschner, Jon J Ramsey, Y. Lin, A. Wei, Andrea J Fascetti

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Resveratrol has generated interest in cats due to reported health benefits. Cats have low activity of β-glucuronidase, and we hypothesized they could not form two common resveratrol metabolites, resveratrol-3-O-glucuronide and resveratrol-4′-O-glucuronide. Resveratrol, 3 mg/cat/day, was given orally to intact male (n = 5) and female cats (n = 5) for 4 weeks. A control group (8 intact males) was used for comparison. Plasma and urine were collected weekly and analysed using high-pressure liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Resveratrol and resveratrol-3-O-sulphate, but no glucuronide metabolites, were detected in plasma and urine. Median (range 10-90th percentile) plasma resveratrol for control and treatment groups was 0.46 ng/ml (0.02-1.74 ng/ml) and 0.96 ng/ml (0.65-3.21 ng/ml). Median (range) plasma resveratrol-3-O-sulphate for control and treatment groups was 6.32 ng/ml (2.55-10.29 ng/ml) and 11.45 ng/ml (1.47-53.29 ng/ml). Plasma resveratrol differed from control in week 4, while plasma resveratrol-3-O-sulphate was different in all weeks (p < 0.05). Median (range) urine resveratrol for control and treatment groups was 0.28 ng/ml (0.05-1.59 ng/ml) and 19.98 ng/ml (8.44-87.54 ng/ml). Median (range) urine resveratrol-3-O-sulphate for control and treatment groups was 26.71 ng/ml (10.50-75.58 ng/ml) and 108.69 ng/ml (11.83-231.05 ng/ml). All time points for urine resveratrol and resveratrol-3-O-sulphate were significantly different from control (p < 0.05), except for weeks 1, 3 and 4 for resveratrol. The results support our hypothesis that cats are unlikely able to glucuronidate resveratrol, most likely due to a reduction in the activity of β-glucuronidase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
StateAccepted/In press - 2016



  • Calorie restriction mimetic
  • Feline
  • Metabolism
  • Polyphenol
  • Sirtuin activator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Animals

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