We label ribonuclease S with a 3 nm Au nanoparticle (NP) by utilizing its two-piece structure. One portion, S-peptide, is mutated with a unique NP attachment site. NP-peptide self-assembles with the other portion, S-protein, to form an active enzyme. NP mobility decreases with peptide labeling and S-protein association. Surface plasmon shifts support conjugation. Higher S-peptide coverages on the NP surface reduce nonspecific adsorption, while sterically hindering assembly of RNaseS. Thiols displace nonspecific adsorption, maximizing site-specific labeling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)