Current clinical imaging modalities do not reliably identify brain tissue regions with necrosis following radiotherapy. This creates challenges for stereotaxic biopsies and surgical-decision making. Time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy (TRFS) provides a means to rapidly identify necrotic tissue by its distinct autofluorescence signature resulting from tissue breakdown and altered metabolic profiles in regions with radiation damage. Studies conducted in a live animal model of radiation necrosis demonstrated that necrotic tissue is characterized by respective increases of 27% and 108% in average lifetime and redox ratio, when compared with healthy tissue. Moreover, radiation-damaged tissue not visible by MRI but confirmed by histopathology, was detected by TRFS. Current results demonstrate the ability of TRFS to identify radiation-damaged brain tissue in real-time and indicates its potential to assist with surgical guidance and MRI-guided biopsy procedures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics