KSHV episomes reveal dynamic chromatin loop formation with domain-specific gene regulation

Mel Campbell, Tadashi Watanabe, Kazushi Nakano, Ryan R. Davis, Yuanzhi Lyu, Clifford G Tepper, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Masahiro Fujimuro, Yoshihiro Izumiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of chromatin organized by genomic loops facilitates RNA polymerase II access to distal promoters. The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) lytic transcriptional program is initiated by a single viral transactivator, K-Rta. Here we report the KSHV genomic structure and its relationship with K-Rta recruitment sites using Capture Hi-C analyses. High-resolution 3D viral genomic maps identify a number of direct physical, long-range, and dynamic genomic interactions. Mutant KSHV chromosomes harboring point mutations in the K-Rta responsive elements (RE) significantly attenuate not only the directly proximate downstream gene, but also distal gene expression in a domain-specific manner. Genomic loops increase in the presence of K-Rta, while abrogation of K-Rta binding impairs the formation of inducible genomic loops, decreases the expression of genes networked through the looping, and diminishes KSHV replication. Our study demonstrates that genomic architectural dynamics plays an essential role in herpesvirus gene expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number02089
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Human Herpesvirus 8
chromatin
gene expression
Gene expression
Chromatin
Plasmids
Genes
cancer
Trans-Activators
RNA Polymerase II
Chromosomes
Gene Expression
genes
Herpesviridae
chromosomes
mutations
Point Mutation
high resolution
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

KSHV episomes reveal dynamic chromatin loop formation with domain-specific gene regulation. / Campbell, Mel; Watanabe, Tadashi; Nakano, Kazushi; Davis, Ryan R.; Lyu, Yuanzhi; Tepper, Clifford G; Durbin-Johnson, Blythe; Fujimuro, Masahiro; Izumiya, Yoshihiro.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, No. 1, 02089, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campbell, M, Watanabe, T, Nakano, K, Davis, RR, Lyu, Y, Tepper, CG, Durbin-Johnson, B, Fujimuro, M & Izumiya, Y 2018, 'KSHV episomes reveal dynamic chromatin loop formation with domain-specific gene regulation', Nature Communications, vol. 9, no. 1, 02089. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02089-9
Campbell, Mel ; Watanabe, Tadashi ; Nakano, Kazushi ; Davis, Ryan R. ; Lyu, Yuanzhi ; Tepper, Clifford G ; Durbin-Johnson, Blythe ; Fujimuro, Masahiro ; Izumiya, Yoshihiro. / KSHV episomes reveal dynamic chromatin loop formation with domain-specific gene regulation. In: Nature Communications. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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