Knee-heel length measurement in healthy preterm infants

Ian J. Griffin, Naomi M. Pang, Jeffery Perring, Richard J. Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Aim - To examine the reproducibility of crown-heel length measurement; the precision and reproducibility of knee-heel length measurement; and the association between the two in healthy preterm infants. Methods - Paired crown-heel and knee-heel lengths were measured on 172 occasions by three observers in 43 preterm infants between 205 and 458 days of postconceptional age. Results - Crown-heel length (CHL) measurement was highly reproducible, with a coefficient of variation (CV) of 0.41%. Knee-heel length (KHL) measurement was relatively precise (CV 0.78%), but less reproducible (intra- observer CV 1.77%, intra-observer CV 2.11%), especially in larger infants. The association between KHL and CHL was not consistent and varied with age. KHL was a poor predictor of CHL, with a 95% predictive interval of ± 27.5 mm. Conclusions - KHL was less reproducible than CHL, especially in larger infants, and a poor predictor of CHL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Crown-heel length
  • Knee-heel length
  • Knemometry
  • Linear growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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