Kinetics of the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP by the light-activated phosphodiesterase of toad rods.

A. E. Barkdoll, Edward N Pugh Jr, A. Sitaramayya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hypothesis that cyclic GMP is the internal transmitter of retinal rod phototransduction, when combined with the observations that 8-bromo-cyclic GMP opens the cyclic GMP-dependent outer segment conductance and that rods into which 8-bromo-cyclic GMP has been injected still respond to light, predicts that the light-activated phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) must catalyze the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP. This hypothesis was tested by measuring light-activated toad rod disk membrane phosphodiesterase with a pH assay technique. Phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was confirmed: at pH 8.0, total proton production after flash activation was identical to total amount of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP added as substrate. Photoactivated phosphodiesterase was remarkably less efficient in catalyzing the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP than of cyclic GMP: Vmax for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 0.063 M/M rhodopsin/s, whereas that for cyclic GMP was 11 M/M rhodopsin/s--170 times greater. The Km for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 160 microM, and for cyclic GMP, 590 microM. 8-bromo-cyclic GMP competitively inhibited phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of cyclic GMP with a Ki of 1.2 mM. Complete reaction progress curves were analyzed for obedience to Michaelis-Menten kinetics: cyclic GMP hydrolysis, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP hydrolysis, and cyclic GMP hydrolysis in the presence of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP as competitive inhibitor were found to follow the integrated form of the Michaelis-Menten equation over the time course of the reactions, assuming phosphodiesterase was activated as a step. The kinetic parameters extracted from reaction progress curves were consistent with those derived from analysis of the initial velocity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-846
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume50
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Anura
Hydrolysis
Cyclic GMP
Light
Kinetics
Rhodopsin
8-bromocyclic GMP
Light Signal Transduction
Rod Cell Outer Segment
Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells
Kinetic parameters
Protons
Transmitters
Assays
Chemical activation
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Kinetics of the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP by the light-activated phosphodiesterase of toad rods. / Barkdoll, A. E.; Pugh Jr, Edward N; Sitaramayya, A.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 50, No. 3, 03.1988, p. 839-846.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The hypothesis that cyclic GMP is the internal transmitter of retinal rod phototransduction, when combined with the observations that 8-bromo-cyclic GMP opens the cyclic GMP-dependent outer segment conductance and that rods into which 8-bromo-cyclic GMP has been injected still respond to light, predicts that the light-activated phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) must catalyze the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP. This hypothesis was tested by measuring light-activated toad rod disk membrane phosphodiesterase with a pH assay technique. Phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was confirmed: at pH 8.0, total proton production after flash activation was identical to total amount of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP added as substrate. Photoactivated phosphodiesterase was remarkably less efficient in catalyzing the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP than of cyclic GMP: Vmax for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 0.063 M/M rhodopsin/s, whereas that for cyclic GMP was 11 M/M rhodopsin/s--170 times greater. The Km for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 160 microM, and for cyclic GMP, 590 microM. 8-bromo-cyclic GMP competitively inhibited phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of cyclic GMP with a Ki of 1.2 mM. Complete reaction progress curves were analyzed for obedience to Michaelis-Menten kinetics: cyclic GMP hydrolysis, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP hydrolysis, and cyclic GMP hydrolysis in the presence of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP as competitive inhibitor were found to follow the integrated form of the Michaelis-Menten equation over the time course of the reactions, assuming phosphodiesterase was activated as a step. The kinetic parameters extracted from reaction progress curves were consistent with those derived from analysis of the initial velocity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
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T1 - Kinetics of the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP by the light-activated phosphodiesterase of toad rods.

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N2 - The hypothesis that cyclic GMP is the internal transmitter of retinal rod phototransduction, when combined with the observations that 8-bromo-cyclic GMP opens the cyclic GMP-dependent outer segment conductance and that rods into which 8-bromo-cyclic GMP has been injected still respond to light, predicts that the light-activated phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) must catalyze the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP. This hypothesis was tested by measuring light-activated toad rod disk membrane phosphodiesterase with a pH assay technique. Phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was confirmed: at pH 8.0, total proton production after flash activation was identical to total amount of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP added as substrate. Photoactivated phosphodiesterase was remarkably less efficient in catalyzing the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP than of cyclic GMP: Vmax for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 0.063 M/M rhodopsin/s, whereas that for cyclic GMP was 11 M/M rhodopsin/s--170 times greater. The Km for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 160 microM, and for cyclic GMP, 590 microM. 8-bromo-cyclic GMP competitively inhibited phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of cyclic GMP with a Ki of 1.2 mM. Complete reaction progress curves were analyzed for obedience to Michaelis-Menten kinetics: cyclic GMP hydrolysis, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP hydrolysis, and cyclic GMP hydrolysis in the presence of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP as competitive inhibitor were found to follow the integrated form of the Michaelis-Menten equation over the time course of the reactions, assuming phosphodiesterase was activated as a step. The kinetic parameters extracted from reaction progress curves were consistent with those derived from analysis of the initial velocity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

AB - The hypothesis that cyclic GMP is the internal transmitter of retinal rod phototransduction, when combined with the observations that 8-bromo-cyclic GMP opens the cyclic GMP-dependent outer segment conductance and that rods into which 8-bromo-cyclic GMP has been injected still respond to light, predicts that the light-activated phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) must catalyze the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP. This hypothesis was tested by measuring light-activated toad rod disk membrane phosphodiesterase with a pH assay technique. Phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was confirmed: at pH 8.0, total proton production after flash activation was identical to total amount of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP added as substrate. Photoactivated phosphodiesterase was remarkably less efficient in catalyzing the hydrolysis of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP than of cyclic GMP: Vmax for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 0.063 M/M rhodopsin/s, whereas that for cyclic GMP was 11 M/M rhodopsin/s--170 times greater. The Km for 8-bromo-cyclic GMP was 160 microM, and for cyclic GMP, 590 microM. 8-bromo-cyclic GMP competitively inhibited phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of cyclic GMP with a Ki of 1.2 mM. Complete reaction progress curves were analyzed for obedience to Michaelis-Menten kinetics: cyclic GMP hydrolysis, 8-bromo-cyclic GMP hydrolysis, and cyclic GMP hydrolysis in the presence of 8-bromo-cyclic GMP as competitive inhibitor were found to follow the integrated form of the Michaelis-Menten equation over the time course of the reactions, assuming phosphodiesterase was activated as a step. The kinetic parameters extracted from reaction progress curves were consistent with those derived from analysis of the initial velocity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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