Kinetics of the angiogenic response in lung endothelium following acute inflammatory injury with bleomycin

Zulma X. Yunt, Michael P. Mohning, Lea Barthel, Mark T. Kearns, Rubin M. Tuder, Dallas M. Hyde, Peter M. Henson, William J. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose/Aim: Angiogenesis is a central component of normal wound healing but it has not been fully characterized in lung repair following acute inflammatory injury. The current literature lacks vital information pertaining to the extent, timing, and location of this process. This information is necessary for examining mechanisms that drive normal lung repair in resolving acute inflammatory injury. The goal of our study was to formally characterize lung angiogenesis over a time course of bleomycin-induced lung injury. Materials and Methods: Female C57BL/6 mice age 8-12 weeks were treated with a single dose of intratracheal bleomycin. Total lung endothelial cells were quantified with flow cytometry 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days following bleomycin administration, and endothelial cell replication was assessed using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. Results: Endothelial cell replication was maximal 14 days after bleomycin administration, while total lung endothelial cells peaked at day 21. Tissue analysis with stereology was performed to measure total lung vascular surface area in bleomycin at day 21 relative to controls and demonstrated a trend toward increased vasculature in the bleomycin group. Conclusions: Angiogenesis begins shortly after injury in the bleomycin model and leads to an expansion in the lung endothelial cell population that peaks at day 21. This study offers the first longitudinal examination of angiogenesis following acute inflammatory lung injury induced by bleomycin. Information provided in this study will be vital for further investigating mechanisms of angiogenesis in both normal and abnormal lung repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-425
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Lung Research
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Bleomycin
  • Lung injury
  • Lung repair
  • Pulmonary endothelium
  • Stereology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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    Yunt, Z. X., Mohning, M. P., Barthel, L., Kearns, M. T., Tuder, R. M., Hyde, D. M., Henson, P. M., & Janssen, W. J. (2014). Kinetics of the angiogenic response in lung endothelium following acute inflammatory injury with bleomycin. Experimental Lung Research, 40(8), 415-425. https://doi.org/10.3109/01902148.2014.938202