Kinetics of naphthalene metabolism in target and non-target tissues of rodents and in nasal and airway microsomes from the Rhesus monkey

Alan R Buckpitt, Dexter Morin, Shannon Murphy, Patricia Edwards, Laura Van Winkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naphthalene produces species and cell selective injury to respiratory tract epithelial cells of rodents. In these studies we determined the apparent Km, Vmax, and catalytic efficiency (Vmax/Km) for naphthalene metabolism in microsomal preparations from subcompartments of the respiratory tract of rodents and non-human primates. In tissues with high substrate turnover, major metabolites were derived directly from naphthalene oxide with smaller amounts from conjugates of diol epoxide, diepoxide, and 1,2- and 1,4-naphthoquinones. In some tissues, different enzymes with dissimilar Km and Vmax appeared to metabolize naphthalene. The rank order of Vmax (rat olfactory epithelium>mouse olfactory epithelium>murine airways≫rat airways) correlated well with tissue susceptibility to naphthalene. The Vmax in monkey alveolar subcompartment was 2% that in rat nasal olfactory epithelium. Rates of metabolism in nasal compartments of the monkey were low. The catalytic efficiencies of microsomes from known susceptible tissues/subcompartments are 10 and 250 fold higher than in rat airway and monkey alveolar subcompartments, respectively. Although the strong correlations between catalytic efficiencies and tissue susceptibility suggest that non-human primate tissues are unlikely to generate metabolites at a rate sufficient to produce cellular injury, other studies showing high levels of formation of protein adducts support the need for additional studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume270
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2013

Keywords

  • Airway epithelium
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Glutathione conjugates
  • Naphthalene
  • Nasal epithelium
  • Rhesus macaques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

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