K-ras mutations in 239PuO2 canine lung neoplasms

Stephen M Griffey, Susan A. Kraegel, Richard E. Weller, Charles R. Watson, Bruce R. Madewell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis and direct sequencing methods were used to examine lung tumors derived from a cohort of beagle dogs with inhalational exposures to 239PuO2. These exposures were done at Pacific Northwest Laboratories where 18-month-old beagle dogs were given 239PuO2 by single-dose inhalation and allowed to live out their life-spans. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded blocks of tissues from 25 dogs exposed to 239PuO2 by aerosol inhalation which later developed lung tumors were available for this study. Two of 25 tumors had mutations within exon 1 of K-ras detected by SSCP analysis. Both mutations were GGT to GAT transitions at codon 12 confirmed by direct sequencing experiments. One was an adenocarcinoma from the medium-high exposure group and the other was a broncheolo-alveolar carcinoma from the medium-low exposure group. The rate of K-ras mutations in plutonium-induced lung tumors described herein (8%) was greater than previously described in canine plutonium-induced lung tumors (0%), but was less than that which we have described in spontaneous canine lung cancer (16%), less than that reported for human spontaneous non-small cell lung cancer (13-36%) and less than that described in rats with spontaneous lung cancer (40%) or lung tumors following 239Pu inhalation exposure (46%). Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Letters
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Oct 23 1998


  • Cancer
  • Canine
  • K-ras
  • Lung
  • Plutonium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology


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