JARID1-targeted histone H3 demethylase inhibitors exhibit anti-proliferative activity and overcome cisplatin resistance in canine oral melanoma cell lines

Savannah J. Tobin, Hong Chang, Michael S. Kent, Alex Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Histone demethylases are overexpressed or display altered activity in numerous human cancers leading to alterations in cell cycle dynamics, DNA repair kinetics, and therapeutic resistance. Consequently, therapeutic targeting of histone demethylases has become an active and promising area of research in human oncology. However, the role of histone demethylases and the potential efficacy of demethylase inhibition in canine cancers remains largely unknown. In the present work, we addressed this knowledge gap by exploring the therapeutic potential of histone demethylase inhibitors (HDIs) in canine oral melanoma. Using canine melanoma cell lines, we determined that broad spectrum HDIs result in decreased cell survival and prolonged DNA damage repair kinetics. We then showed that JARID1B, a histone H3 demethylase implicated in proliferation-dormancy regulation and drug sensitivity in human cancers, is highly expressed in canine tumour tissues. HDIs targeting JARID1B, and related JARID1 family members, significantly reduced survival fractions in canine melanoma cell lines, but did not appear to modulate DNA damage repair kinetics like broad spectrum HDI treatments. Importantly, we found that the anti-proliferative effects of JARID1-targeted HDIs are preserved in cell lines resistant to platinum-based chemotherapeutics, suggesting that HDIs may serve as a viable therapeutic strategy when faced with oral melanomas that progress despite the use of conventional therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary and Comparative Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • drug resistance
  • H3K4
  • H3K9
  • KDM5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'JARID1-targeted histone H3 demethylase inhibitors exhibit anti-proliferative activity and overcome cisplatin resistance in canine oral melanoma cell lines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this