Ivermectin toxicity in 17 collies

Katrina Hopper, Janet Aldrich, Steve C. Haskins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ivermectin is widely used in veterinary medicine as an anthelminthic and generally has a wide margin of safety, but Collies are prone to ivermectin toxicity. Two groups of Collies were presented to the University of California Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (VMTH) with ivermectin toxicity. The medical records of the 2 groups of Collies were reviewed retrospectively Group 1 comprised 5 adult Collies that received at least 400 μg/kg ivermectin PO and were presented to the VMTH 3 hours after intoxication. These Collies showed marked clinical signs on presentation. Three of these dogs required mechanical ventilation and were euthanized for financial reasons, the remaining 2 dogs were comatose but recovered in 5-7 days. Group II was comprised of 12 adult Collies presented to the VMTH 2 days (n = 10) and 5 days (n = 2) after subcutaneous injection of 200-250 μg/kg ivermectin. These animals showed greater variation in severity of illness among individuals; 5 animals progressed to stupor or coma, whereas 4 animals remained ambulatory. Most of these dogs' clinical signs deteriorated from the day of intoxication until approximately day 6, from which time they showed gradual but steady improvement. All of the Collies in this group survived, but it took 3 weeks for most of them to recover. Collies suffering from ivermectin toxicity can have a severe and prolonged clinical course requiring intensive nursing care. Respiratory, cardiovascular, and nutritional support may all be required. With appropriate care, however, the prognosis for complete recovery is good.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-94
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2002

Keywords

  • Breed idiosyncracy
  • Drug reaction
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Respiratory paralysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ivermectin toxicity in 17 collies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Hopper, K., Aldrich, J., & Haskins, S. C. (2002). Ivermectin toxicity in 17 collies. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 16(1), 89-94.