Isolation of a gammaherpesvirus similar to asinine herpesvirus-2 (AHV-2) from a mule and a survey of mules and donkeys for AHV-2 infection by real-time PCR

Stephanie A. Bell, Nicola Pusterla, Udeni B R Balasuriya, Samantha M. Mapes, Nicole L. Nyberg, Nigel J Maclachlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Equids are commonly infected by herpesviruses, but isolation of herpesviruses from mules has apparently not been previously reported. Furthermore, the genomic relationships among the various equid herpesviruses are poorly characterized. We describe the isolation and preliminary characterization of a mule gammaherpesvirus tentatively identified as asinine herpesvirus-2 (AHV-2; also designated equid herpesvirus-7 (EHV-7)) from the nasal secretions (NS) of a healthy mule in northern California. The virus was initially identified by transmission electron microscopic examination of lysates of cell culture inoculated with NS collected from the mule. A 913 nucleotide sequence of the DNA polymerase gene was amplified using degenerate primers, and comparison of this sequence with those of various other herpesviruses showed that the mule herpesvirus was most closely related to EHV-2 (AHV-2 sequences were not available for comparison). The sequence of a shorter portion (166 nucleotides) of the mule herpesvirus DNA polymerase gene was identical to that of the published sequence of an asinine gammaherpesvirus, previously designated as AHV-4-3 (AY054992). AHV-2 was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction assay in the NS of approximately 8% of a cohort of 114 healthy mules and 13 donkeys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-183
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume130
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2008

Keywords

  • Asinine herpesvirus-2
  • Electron microscopy
  • Equid gammaherpesviruses
  • Equid herpesvirus-7
  • Real-time PCR
  • Virus isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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