Isolation and molecular identification of the etiological agents of streptococcosis in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultured in net cages in Lake Sentani, Papua, Indonesia

Hilal Anshary, Rio A. Kurniawan, Sriwulan Sriwulan, Ramli Ramli, Dolores Baxa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infections with Streptococcus spp. were observed in Nile tilapia cultured in net cages in Lake Sentani, Papua, Indonesia. Clinical signs included exophthalmia, erratic swimming, ascites in abdominal cavity, and external hemorrhages. Four types of bacterial colonies (SK, K10, P20, and M12) were isolated from the brain, kidney, and eyes. Based on phenotypic and genetic (16S rDNA sequencing) characteristics, the isolates were identified as Streptococcus iniae (SK), Streptococcus agalactiae (K10 and P20) and Lactococcus garvieae (M12). The latter species has not been previously isolated or reported from fish streptococcosis in Indonesia. Intraperitoneal injection of healthy tilapia with the bacterial species caused significant morbidity (70%) within 3 days and 100% mortality at 6 days post injection. Experimental infections and reisolation of the bacteria from morbid and dead fish suggest they are the causative agents of streptococcosis, which rendered high mortality among cage cultured Nile tilapia in Lake Sentani. Our results suggest the need for developing diagnostic tools for accurate identification of the agents of streptococcosis. As tilapia aquaculture continues to expand as a means of food production and livelihood in Indonesia, it becomes crucial to ensure that fish resources are monitored and protected from the adverse effects of infectious diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSpringerPlus
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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etiological agents
Oreochromis niloticus
Tilapia (Cichlidae)
Indonesia
cages
lakes
fish
Lactococcus garvieae
Streptococcus iniae
Streptococcus agalactiae
abdominal cavity
ascites
Streptococcus
intraperitoneal injection
livelihood
food production
infection
infectious diseases
hemorrhage
morbidity

Keywords

  • Cage
  • Lactococcus garvieae
  • Lake Sentani
  • Nile tilapia
  • Streptococcosis
  • Streptococcus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Isolation and molecular identification of the etiological agents of streptococcosis in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultured in net cages in Lake Sentani, Papua, Indonesia. / Anshary, Hilal; Kurniawan, Rio A.; Sriwulan, Sriwulan; Ramli, Ramli; Baxa, Dolores.

In: SpringerPlus, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Infections with Streptococcus spp. were observed in Nile tilapia cultured in net cages in Lake Sentani, Papua, Indonesia. Clinical signs included exophthalmia, erratic swimming, ascites in abdominal cavity, and external hemorrhages. Four types of bacterial colonies (SK, K10, P20, and M12) were isolated from the brain, kidney, and eyes. Based on phenotypic and genetic (16S rDNA sequencing) characteristics, the isolates were identified as Streptococcus iniae (SK), Streptococcus agalactiae (K10 and P20) and Lactococcus garvieae (M12). The latter species has not been previously isolated or reported from fish streptococcosis in Indonesia. Intraperitoneal injection of healthy tilapia with the bacterial species caused significant morbidity (70{\%}) within 3 days and 100{\%} mortality at 6 days post injection. Experimental infections and reisolation of the bacteria from morbid and dead fish suggest they are the causative agents of streptococcosis, which rendered high mortality among cage cultured Nile tilapia in Lake Sentani. Our results suggest the need for developing diagnostic tools for accurate identification of the agents of streptococcosis. As tilapia aquaculture continues to expand as a means of food production and livelihood in Indonesia, it becomes crucial to ensure that fish resources are monitored and protected from the adverse effects of infectious diseases.",
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