To obtain new RFLP markers on human chromosome 11 for a high-resolution map, we constructed a cosmid library from a Chinese hamster x human somatic hybrid cell line that retains only human chromosome 11 in a Chinese hamster genomic background. A total of 3,500 cosmids were isolated by colony hybridization with labeled human genomic DNA. DNA was prepared from 130 of these cosmid clones and examined for RFLP. In 62 of them, polymorphism was detected with one or more enzymes; four RFLPs were VNTR systems. All polymorphic clones were assigned to one of 22 intervals obtained by mapping on a deletion panel of 15 somatic hybrid cell lines containing parts of chromosome 11; 11 clones were finely mapped by in situ hybridization. Although RFLP markers were scattered on the whole chromosome, they were found predominantly in the regions of R-banding. These DNA markers will contribute to fine mapping of genes causing inherited disorders and tumor-suppressor genes that reside on chromosome 11. Furthermore, as one-third of the cosmid clones revealed a band or bands in Chinese hamster DNA, indicating sequence conservation, this subset of clones may be useful for isolating biologically important genes on chromosome 11.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|State||Published - Feb 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas