Isolation and characterization of cardiac sarcolemma

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A procedure was developed for the isolation of cardiac sarcolemmal vesicles. These vesicles are enriched about ten-fold (with respect to the tissue homogenate) in K+-stimulated p-nitrophenylphosphatase, (Na+ + K+)-ATPase, 5'-nucleotidase activities and sialic acid content, all of which are believed to be components of the sarcolemma. The sarcolemma of tissue culture cardiac cells were radioiodinated and the distribution of this radioiodine paralleled the distribution of the other membrane markers above. There was very little contamination of the sarcolemmal fraction by sarcoplasmic reticulum (as judged by Ca2+-ATPase and glucose-6-phosphatase activities) or inner mitochondrial membranes (as judged by succinate dehydrogenase activity). There may, however, be some contamination by outer mitochondrial membranes (as judged by monoamine oxidase and rotenone-insensitive NADH cytochrome c reductase activities) which have rarely been monitored in cardiac sarcolemmal preparations. The purity of this preparation is good when compared with other cardiac sarcolemmal preparations. This preparation should be very useful in studying the roles of the cardiac sarcolemma (e.g. in excitation contraction coupling and Ca2+ binding).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-146
Number of pages16
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 19 1979


  • (Cardiac muscle)
  • Membrane isolation
  • Sarcolemma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)


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