Isolation and biological characterization of two lipopolysaccharides and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae.

B. W. Fenwick, Bennie Osburn, H. J. Olander

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Abstract

A smooth-type lipopolysaccharide (HpS-LPS), a rough-type lipopolysaccharide (HpR-LPS), and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation (HpC-PS) were extracted and purified from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5, strain J45, by the use of phenol-water (HpS-LPS) and phenol-chloroform-petroleum-ether (HpR-LPS) techniques. Chemical analysis of the HpS-LPS and HpR-LPS indicated that they contained 0.7% and 4.4% (w/w) 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 11.8% and 10.4% phosphate, 0.8% and 0.8% nucleic acid, and 0.8% and 1.1% protein, respectively. The HpC-PS contained 0.3% 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 1.4% phosphate, 0.2% nucleic acid, and 0.8% protein. With sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, the HpS-LPS banded as a smooth-type LPS and the HpR-LPS banded as a rough-type LPS. Electrophoresis of HpC-PS indicated the presence of a broad high molecular weight band. Gelation of Limulus amoebocyte lysate developed at a minimum concentration of 8 ng/ml of HpS-LPS, 0.3 ng/ml of HpR-LPS, and 35 ng/ml of HpC-PS. The lipopolysaccharide preparations provoked a positive dermal Shwartzman reaction in rabbits and swine, a biphasic febrile response in rabbits, and a monophasic response in swine. Responses were typical of endotoxic activity with swine having greater sensitivity than rabbits. The chick embryo 50% lethal dose was calculated to be 7.3 ng for HpS-LPS, 1.6 ng for HpR-LPS, 5.1 ng for the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli 0111:B4; and the HpC-PS was not toxic. In all assays, HpR-LPS was significantly more toxic than was HpS-LPS. The HpC-PS preparation was not toxic, even at high concentrations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1433-1441
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume47
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
lipopolysaccharides
Polysaccharides
Lipopolysaccharides
polysaccharides
Poisons
Swine
rabbits
Rabbits
Phenol
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acids
phenol
swine
Shwartzman Phenomenon
Phosphates
phosphates
Limulus
Horseshoe Crabs
Lethal Dose 50

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

@article{390c72ae67804133a25afd6711e1aad1,
title = "Isolation and biological characterization of two lipopolysaccharides and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae.",
abstract = "A smooth-type lipopolysaccharide (HpS-LPS), a rough-type lipopolysaccharide (HpR-LPS), and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation (HpC-PS) were extracted and purified from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5, strain J45, by the use of phenol-water (HpS-LPS) and phenol-chloroform-petroleum-ether (HpR-LPS) techniques. Chemical analysis of the HpS-LPS and HpR-LPS indicated that they contained 0.7{\%} and 4.4{\%} (w/w) 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 11.8{\%} and 10.4{\%} phosphate, 0.8{\%} and 0.8{\%} nucleic acid, and 0.8{\%} and 1.1{\%} protein, respectively. The HpC-PS contained 0.3{\%} 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 1.4{\%} phosphate, 0.2{\%} nucleic acid, and 0.8{\%} protein. With sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, the HpS-LPS banded as a smooth-type LPS and the HpR-LPS banded as a rough-type LPS. Electrophoresis of HpC-PS indicated the presence of a broad high molecular weight band. Gelation of Limulus amoebocyte lysate developed at a minimum concentration of 8 ng/ml of HpS-LPS, 0.3 ng/ml of HpR-LPS, and 35 ng/ml of HpC-PS. The lipopolysaccharide preparations provoked a positive dermal Shwartzman reaction in rabbits and swine, a biphasic febrile response in rabbits, and a monophasic response in swine. Responses were typical of endotoxic activity with swine having greater sensitivity than rabbits. The chick embryo 50{\%} lethal dose was calculated to be 7.3 ng for HpS-LPS, 1.6 ng for HpR-LPS, 5.1 ng for the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli 0111:B4; and the HpC-PS was not toxic. In all assays, HpR-LPS was significantly more toxic than was HpS-LPS. The HpC-PS preparation was not toxic, even at high concentrations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
author = "Fenwick, {B. W.} and Bennie Osburn and Olander, {H. J.}",
year = "1986",
month = "7",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "47",
pages = "1433--1441",
journal = "American Journal of Veterinary Research",
issn = "0002-9645",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Isolation and biological characterization of two lipopolysaccharides and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae.

AU - Fenwick, B. W.

AU - Osburn, Bennie

AU - Olander, H. J.

PY - 1986/7/1

Y1 - 1986/7/1

N2 - A smooth-type lipopolysaccharide (HpS-LPS), a rough-type lipopolysaccharide (HpR-LPS), and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation (HpC-PS) were extracted and purified from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5, strain J45, by the use of phenol-water (HpS-LPS) and phenol-chloroform-petroleum-ether (HpR-LPS) techniques. Chemical analysis of the HpS-LPS and HpR-LPS indicated that they contained 0.7% and 4.4% (w/w) 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 11.8% and 10.4% phosphate, 0.8% and 0.8% nucleic acid, and 0.8% and 1.1% protein, respectively. The HpC-PS contained 0.3% 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 1.4% phosphate, 0.2% nucleic acid, and 0.8% protein. With sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, the HpS-LPS banded as a smooth-type LPS and the HpR-LPS banded as a rough-type LPS. Electrophoresis of HpC-PS indicated the presence of a broad high molecular weight band. Gelation of Limulus amoebocyte lysate developed at a minimum concentration of 8 ng/ml of HpS-LPS, 0.3 ng/ml of HpR-LPS, and 35 ng/ml of HpC-PS. The lipopolysaccharide preparations provoked a positive dermal Shwartzman reaction in rabbits and swine, a biphasic febrile response in rabbits, and a monophasic response in swine. Responses were typical of endotoxic activity with swine having greater sensitivity than rabbits. The chick embryo 50% lethal dose was calculated to be 7.3 ng for HpS-LPS, 1.6 ng for HpR-LPS, 5.1 ng for the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli 0111:B4; and the HpC-PS was not toxic. In all assays, HpR-LPS was significantly more toxic than was HpS-LPS. The HpC-PS preparation was not toxic, even at high concentrations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

AB - A smooth-type lipopolysaccharide (HpS-LPS), a rough-type lipopolysaccharide (HpR-LPS), and a capsular-enriched polysaccharide preparation (HpC-PS) were extracted and purified from Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae serotype 5, strain J45, by the use of phenol-water (HpS-LPS) and phenol-chloroform-petroleum-ether (HpR-LPS) techniques. Chemical analysis of the HpS-LPS and HpR-LPS indicated that they contained 0.7% and 4.4% (w/w) 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 11.8% and 10.4% phosphate, 0.8% and 0.8% nucleic acid, and 0.8% and 1.1% protein, respectively. The HpC-PS contained 0.3% 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate, 1.4% phosphate, 0.2% nucleic acid, and 0.8% protein. With sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, the HpS-LPS banded as a smooth-type LPS and the HpR-LPS banded as a rough-type LPS. Electrophoresis of HpC-PS indicated the presence of a broad high molecular weight band. Gelation of Limulus amoebocyte lysate developed at a minimum concentration of 8 ng/ml of HpS-LPS, 0.3 ng/ml of HpR-LPS, and 35 ng/ml of HpC-PS. The lipopolysaccharide preparations provoked a positive dermal Shwartzman reaction in rabbits and swine, a biphasic febrile response in rabbits, and a monophasic response in swine. Responses were typical of endotoxic activity with swine having greater sensitivity than rabbits. The chick embryo 50% lethal dose was calculated to be 7.3 ng for HpS-LPS, 1.6 ng for HpR-LPS, 5.1 ng for the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli 0111:B4; and the HpC-PS was not toxic. In all assays, HpR-LPS was significantly more toxic than was HpS-LPS. The HpC-PS preparation was not toxic, even at high concentrations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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