Is the caudal auricular axial pattern flap robust? A multi-centre cohort study of 16 dogs and 12 cats (2005 to 2016)

J. L.J. Proot, N. Jeffery, William T Culp, P. Buracco, B. de la Puerta, J. M. Williams, J. F. Ladlow, E. J. Field, P. Nelissen, R. A. Ragni, J. F.A. Pope, S. J. Baines, J. M. Liptak, I. Nicholson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency and type of healing complications arising after the use of the caudal auricular axial pattern flap to close defects on the head in dogs and cats. Material and Methods: Multi-centre retrospective cohort study. Centres were recruited by the Association for Veterinary Soft Tissue Surgery Research Cooperative. Medical records of 11 centres were reviewed, and data from all dogs and cats treated with a caudal auricular axial pattern flap were retrieved. The following data were recorded: signalment, reason for reconstruction, flap dimensions, anatomic landmarks used, histological diagnosis, flap healing and whether revision surgery was required. Results: Twenty-eight cases were included: 16 dogs and 12 cats. Flap length: width ratio was approximately 3:1 and flap length extended to the scapular spine in most cases. Optimal wound healing occurred in five of 16 (31%) dogs and six of 12 (50%) cats. Wound dehiscence without flap necrosis occurred in one of 16 (6%) dogs and one of 12 (8%) cats. Wound dehiscence with flap necrosis occurred in 10 of 16 (63%) dogs and five of 12 (42%) cats. Revision surgery was performed in eight of 16 (50%) dogs and three of 12 (25%) cats. Clinical Significance: The caudal auricular axial pattern flap can provide full thickness skin coverage for large defects on the head in dogs and cats. Partial flap necrosis is a common complication, and revision surgery may be required in order to achieve final wound closure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-106
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Small Animal Practice
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

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cohort studies
Cats
Cohort Studies
Dogs
cats
dogs
surgery
Reoperation
animal injuries
necrosis
Necrosis
dehiscence
Wounds and Injuries
Head
Anatomic Landmarks
cooperative research
spine (bones)
tissue repair
skin (animal)
Wound Healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

Cite this

Is the caudal auricular axial pattern flap robust? A multi-centre cohort study of 16 dogs and 12 cats (2005 to 2016). / Proot, J. L.J.; Jeffery, N.; Culp, William T; Buracco, P.; de la Puerta, B.; Williams, J. M.; Ladlow, J. F.; Field, E. J.; Nelissen, P.; Ragni, R. A.; Pope, J. F.A.; Baines, S. J.; Liptak, J. M.; Nicholson, I.

In: Journal of Small Animal Practice, Vol. 60, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 102-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Proot, JLJ, Jeffery, N, Culp, WT, Buracco, P, de la Puerta, B, Williams, JM, Ladlow, JF, Field, EJ, Nelissen, P, Ragni, RA, Pope, JFA, Baines, SJ, Liptak, JM & Nicholson, I 2019, 'Is the caudal auricular axial pattern flap robust? A multi-centre cohort study of 16 dogs and 12 cats (2005 to 2016)', Journal of Small Animal Practice, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 102-106. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12946
Proot, J. L.J. ; Jeffery, N. ; Culp, William T ; Buracco, P. ; de la Puerta, B. ; Williams, J. M. ; Ladlow, J. F. ; Field, E. J. ; Nelissen, P. ; Ragni, R. A. ; Pope, J. F.A. ; Baines, S. J. ; Liptak, J. M. ; Nicholson, I. / Is the caudal auricular axial pattern flap robust? A multi-centre cohort study of 16 dogs and 12 cats (2005 to 2016). In: Journal of Small Animal Practice. 2019 ; Vol. 60, No. 2. pp. 102-106.
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abstract = "Objective: To determine the frequency and type of healing complications arising after the use of the caudal auricular axial pattern flap to close defects on the head in dogs and cats. Material and Methods: Multi-centre retrospective cohort study. Centres were recruited by the Association for Veterinary Soft Tissue Surgery Research Cooperative. Medical records of 11 centres were reviewed, and data from all dogs and cats treated with a caudal auricular axial pattern flap were retrieved. The following data were recorded: signalment, reason for reconstruction, flap dimensions, anatomic landmarks used, histological diagnosis, flap healing and whether revision surgery was required. Results: Twenty-eight cases were included: 16 dogs and 12 cats. Flap length: width ratio was approximately 3:1 and flap length extended to the scapular spine in most cases. Optimal wound healing occurred in five of 16 (31{\%}) dogs and six of 12 (50{\%}) cats. Wound dehiscence without flap necrosis occurred in one of 16 (6{\%}) dogs and one of 12 (8{\%}) cats. Wound dehiscence with flap necrosis occurred in 10 of 16 (63{\%}) dogs and five of 12 (42{\%}) cats. Revision surgery was performed in eight of 16 (50{\%}) dogs and three of 12 (25{\%}) cats. Clinical Significance: The caudal auricular axial pattern flap can provide full thickness skin coverage for large defects on the head in dogs and cats. Partial flap necrosis is a common complication, and revision surgery may be required in order to achieve final wound closure.",
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AU - Proot, J. L.J.

AU - Jeffery, N.

AU - Culp, William T

AU - Buracco, P.

AU - de la Puerta, B.

AU - Williams, J. M.

AU - Ladlow, J. F.

AU - Field, E. J.

AU - Nelissen, P.

AU - Ragni, R. A.

AU - Pope, J. F.A.

AU - Baines, S. J.

AU - Liptak, J. M.

AU - Nicholson, I.

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N2 - Objective: To determine the frequency and type of healing complications arising after the use of the caudal auricular axial pattern flap to close defects on the head in dogs and cats. Material and Methods: Multi-centre retrospective cohort study. Centres were recruited by the Association for Veterinary Soft Tissue Surgery Research Cooperative. Medical records of 11 centres were reviewed, and data from all dogs and cats treated with a caudal auricular axial pattern flap were retrieved. The following data were recorded: signalment, reason for reconstruction, flap dimensions, anatomic landmarks used, histological diagnosis, flap healing and whether revision surgery was required. Results: Twenty-eight cases were included: 16 dogs and 12 cats. Flap length: width ratio was approximately 3:1 and flap length extended to the scapular spine in most cases. Optimal wound healing occurred in five of 16 (31%) dogs and six of 12 (50%) cats. Wound dehiscence without flap necrosis occurred in one of 16 (6%) dogs and one of 12 (8%) cats. Wound dehiscence with flap necrosis occurred in 10 of 16 (63%) dogs and five of 12 (42%) cats. Revision surgery was performed in eight of 16 (50%) dogs and three of 12 (25%) cats. Clinical Significance: The caudal auricular axial pattern flap can provide full thickness skin coverage for large defects on the head in dogs and cats. Partial flap necrosis is a common complication, and revision surgery may be required in order to achieve final wound closure.

AB - Objective: To determine the frequency and type of healing complications arising after the use of the caudal auricular axial pattern flap to close defects on the head in dogs and cats. Material and Methods: Multi-centre retrospective cohort study. Centres were recruited by the Association for Veterinary Soft Tissue Surgery Research Cooperative. Medical records of 11 centres were reviewed, and data from all dogs and cats treated with a caudal auricular axial pattern flap were retrieved. The following data were recorded: signalment, reason for reconstruction, flap dimensions, anatomic landmarks used, histological diagnosis, flap healing and whether revision surgery was required. Results: Twenty-eight cases were included: 16 dogs and 12 cats. Flap length: width ratio was approximately 3:1 and flap length extended to the scapular spine in most cases. Optimal wound healing occurred in five of 16 (31%) dogs and six of 12 (50%) cats. Wound dehiscence without flap necrosis occurred in one of 16 (6%) dogs and one of 12 (8%) cats. Wound dehiscence with flap necrosis occurred in 10 of 16 (63%) dogs and five of 12 (42%) cats. Revision surgery was performed in eight of 16 (50%) dogs and three of 12 (25%) cats. Clinical Significance: The caudal auricular axial pattern flap can provide full thickness skin coverage for large defects on the head in dogs and cats. Partial flap necrosis is a common complication, and revision surgery may be required in order to achieve final wound closure.

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