Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than to daily iron intake in 12- to 48-mo-old children

Mary Frances Lynch, Ian J. Griffin, Keli M. Hawthorne, Zhensheng Chen, Maria G. Hamzo, Steven A. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few studies have evaluated iron absorption in small children after the first year of life. Our objectives were to examine the relations among iron intake, iron absorption, and iron status in a group of healthy children. We studied 28 children, ages 12 to 48 mo, after a 7-d home adaptation to a diet representative of their usual daily mineral intake. A multi-tracer stable isotope study was performed to assess iron absorption both from a meal ( 58Fe) and from a reference iron dose (57Fe) given with ascorbic acid without a meal. Iron intake was 6.9 ± 2.4 mg, approximately the 35th percentile of typical U.S. intakes. Absorption of 58Fe was related to serumferritin (r2 = 0.319, P = 0.0018) and more so to reference dose iron absorption (r2 = 0.653, P < 0.0001). Iron absorption was negatively correlated with zinc intake (r2 = 0.090, P = 0.0049) but was not correlated with iron intake (P = 0.20). However, zinc intake was not correlated with measures of iron status, including reference dose iron absorption and serum ferritin (r2 < 0.1, P > 0.25). Total absorbed iron was similar to needs estimated by the Institute of Medicine. We conclude that iron absorption in young children is more closely related to iron status than to iron intake. Reference dose iron absorption may be superior to serum ferritin as a surrogate measure for iron status in this age group. Although zinc intake may affect iron absorption from a meal, it does not appear to have a detectable effect on overall iron status in otherwise well-nourished children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-92
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume137
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

iron absorption
Iron
iron
dosage
Meals
ferritin
stable isotopes
tracer techniques
medicine
ascorbic acid
zinc
National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.) Health and Medicine Division
minerals
Ferritins
Isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Lynch, M. F., Griffin, I. J., Hawthorne, K. M., Chen, Z., Hamzo, M. G., & Abrams, S. A. (2007). Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than to daily iron intake in 12- to 48-mo-old children. Journal of Nutrition, 137(1), 88-92.

Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than to daily iron intake in 12- to 48-mo-old children. / Lynch, Mary Frances; Griffin, Ian J.; Hawthorne, Keli M.; Chen, Zhensheng; Hamzo, Maria G.; Abrams, Steven A.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 137, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 88-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lynch, MF, Griffin, IJ, Hawthorne, KM, Chen, Z, Hamzo, MG & Abrams, SA 2007, 'Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than to daily iron intake in 12- to 48-mo-old children', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 88-92.
Lynch MF, Griffin IJ, Hawthorne KM, Chen Z, Hamzo MG, Abrams SA. Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than to daily iron intake in 12- to 48-mo-old children. Journal of Nutrition. 2007 Jan;137(1):88-92.
Lynch, Mary Frances ; Griffin, Ian J. ; Hawthorne, Keli M. ; Chen, Zhensheng ; Hamzo, Maria G. ; Abrams, Steven A. / Iron absorption is more closely related to iron status than to daily iron intake in 12- to 48-mo-old children. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2007 ; Vol. 137, No. 1. pp. 88-92.
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