Investigation of metabolomic blood biomarkers for detection of adenocarcinoma lung cancer

Johannes F. Fahrmann, Kyoungmi Kim, Brian C. DeFelice, Sandra L. Taylor, David R Gandara, Ken Y Yoneda, David T Cooke, Oliver Fiehn, Karen Kelly, Suzanne Miyamoto

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Untargeted metabolomics was used in case-control studies of adenocarcinoma (ADC) lung cancer to develop and test metabolite classifiers in serum and plasma as potential biomarkers for diagnosing lung cancer. Methods: Serum and plasma were collected and used in two independent case-control studies (ADC1 and ADC2). Controls were frequency matched for gender, age, and smoking history. There were 52 adenocarcinoma cases and 31 controls in ADC1 and 43 adenocarcinoma cases and 43 controls in ADC2. Metabolomics was conducted using gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Differential analysis was performed on ADC1 and the top candidates (FDR <0.05) for serum and plasmausedto develop individual and multiplex classifiers that were then tested on an independent set of serum and plasma samples (ADC2). Results: Aspartate provided the best accuracy (81.4%) for an individual metabolite classifier in serum, whereas pyrophosphate had the best accuracy (77.9%) in plasma when independently tested. Multiplex classifiers of either 2 or 4 serum metabolites had an accuracy of 72.7% when independently tested. For plasma, a multimetabolite classifier consisting of 8 metabolites gave an accuracy of 77.3% when independently tested. Comparison of overall diagnostic performance between the two blood matrices yielded similar performances. However, serum is most ideal given higher sensitivity for low-abundant metabolites. Conclusion: This study shows the potential of metabolite-based diagnostic tests for detection of lung adenocarcinoma. Further validation in a larger pool of samples is warranted. Impact: These biomarkers could improve early detection and diagnosis of lung cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1716-1723
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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