Determination of antibodies to specific nuclear antigens, termed extractable nuclear antigen (ENA), was investigated in healthy dogs and in dogs with autoimmune, inflammatory, and neoplastic diseases. Using a counterimmunoelectrophoresis method, the dogs' sera were tested for antibodies against the nuclear antigens single-stranded DNA, Sm, Ro, La, ribonucleoprotein, Scl, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Antibodies to the Ro antigen were found in 1 dog with discoid lupus erythematosus, in 1 dog with pemphigus erythematosus, and in 1 dog with facial pyoderma and chronic superficial keratitis. In 15 dogs, antibodies were detected to ENA, but the precipitin lines were too weak to identify the specific ENA. These antibodies were found in some dogs with systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid lupus erythematosus, pemphigus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, vitiligo, lymphoma; in the dog with facial pyoderma and chronic superficial keratitis; and in 1 healthy dog. The highest percentage of dogs with antibodies to ENA in a large series (greater than 8) of this study was in dogs with systemic lupus erythematosus (4 of 13; 31%).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - Jun 1992|
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