Intraventricular adult Taenia solium causing hydrocephalus: A case report

Ketan Yerneni, Constantine Karras, Hannah K. Weiss, Craig M. Horbinski, Orin Bloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system worldwide and is caused by the larval form of the tapeworm Taenia solium. In general, T. solium larval form may be located in the neuraxis, resulting in pathology. Here, we report a rare case of female with a history of adult onset seizures presenting with adult form T. solium in the fourth ventricle, causing hydrocephalus. Case Description: A 36-year-old female patient with a known history of adult onset seizures presented with a 1-year history of progressively worsening bilateral headaches with vertigo and intermittent nausea. A computerized tomography scan revealed ventriculomegaly and transependymal flow, with an obstruction at the level of the fourth ventricle. Outpatient magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a lobulated cystic mass within the fourth ventricle, demonstrating a gross appearance consistent with racemose NCC. The patient underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy, and gross examination of the resected cyst revealed a mature T. solium larvae encased in a cystic membrane. Given that our patient was born and raised in Mexico but had not returned since the age of 8, NCC was an unexpected finding. Conclusion: The present case highlights the importance of maintaining high suspicion for NCC in all patients presenting with seizures or hydrocephalus of unknown cause. Even in patients with a very remote history of residence in an endemic country, NCC can be an overlooked, underlying cause of both chronic neurologic symptoms, as well as acute, life-threatening neurologic emergencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number202
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Hydrocephalus
  • Intraventricular
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Taenia solium
  • Tapeworm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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