Eighty-seven left main stenoses were evaluated by angiography and intravascular ultrasound. Intravascular ultrasound analysis included left main length (bifurcation to ostium), stenosis location, stenosis length, stenosis external elastic membrane, lumen, plaque & media cross-sectional area (CSA), plaque burden (plaque & media/external elastic membrane CSA), calcium arc, calcium length, eccentricity, and remodeling index (stenosis/reference external elastic membrane CSA). Long anatomic left main arteries (length ≥10 mm, n = 43) were compared with short anatomic left main arteries (length <10 mm, n = 44) regarding stenosis location. Ostial (proximal third of left main artery) (n = 32) and nonostial (midthird and distal third) stenoses (n = 55) were compared regarding stenosis morphology. Short anatomic left main arteries developed stenoses more frequently near the ostium (ostium 55%, bifurcation 38%). Conversely, long anatomic left main arteries developed stenoses more frequently near the bifurcation (ostium 18%, bifurcation 77%, p = 0.001). Ostial left main stenoses were more common in women (44% vs 20%, p = 0.02), had larger lumen area (6.2 ± 2.2 vs 4.6 ± 2.3 mm2, p = 0.002), less plaque burden (62 ± 15% vs 80 ± 9%, p <0.0001), less calcification (arc = 78 ± 65° vs 195 ± 101°, p <0.0001), and more negative remodeling (remodeling index = 0.87 ± 0.19 vs 1.01 ± 0.21, p = 0.005) than nonostial left main stenoses. Most ostial left main stenoses were categorized as eccentric (97% vs 76%, p = 0.01). Short and long left main arteries develop stenoses at different locations. Stenosis morphology was significantly different in these 2 locations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine