Intrathecal injection of bombesin inhibits gastric acid secretion in the rat

H. Yang, F. Cuttitta, Helen E Raybould, Y. Taché

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bombesin (100-500 ng) injected intrathecally (T9-10) inhibited gastric acid secretion stimulated by pentagastrin and the GABAB agonist baclofen in urethane-anesthetized rats and basal gastric acid secretion in conscious, pylorus-ligated rats. Peptide action was dose-related, occurred within 30 min, and lasted for > 1h. Bombesin-induced inhibition of pentagastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion was not altered by cervical cord transection. Intravenous infusion of the monoclonal bombesin antibody 2A11 abolished intravenous bombesin (10 μg/kg · h)-induced 33% inhibition of gastric response to pentagastrin but did not alter intrathecal bombesin (200 ng)-induced 38% inhibition of gastric response to pentagastrin. The inhibitory effect of bombesin (200 ng) on pentagastrin-stimulated gastric secretion was reversed by bilateral adrenalectomy or removal of celiac and mesenteric ganglia. Intrathecal injections of rat calcitonin gene-related peptide, neuromedin B, neuromedin U, and the stable substance P analogue (pGlu5, MePhe8, MeGly9)-substance P(5-11) did not alter pentagastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion. These results demonstrate that bombesin injected into the subarachnoid space of the spinal cord inhibits vagally stimulated and pentagastrinstimulated gastric secretion in rats. Bombesin action is peptide specific, exerted at a spinal site, and expressed through the sympathetic nervous system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1409
Number of pages7
JournalGastroenterology
Volume96
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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