Intraoperative and major postoperative complications and survival of dogs undergoing surgical management of epiglottic retroversion: 50 dogs (2003-2017)

Ronan A. Mullins, Bryden J. Stanley, James A. Flanders, Pablo Pérez López, Francesco Collivignarelli, Ronan S. Doyle, Riccarda Schuenemann, Gerhard Oechtering, Michele A Steffey, Victoria J. Lipscomb, Robert J. Hardie, Barbara M. Kirby, Aidan B. McAlinden

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Abstract

Objective: To report intraoperative and major postoperative complications in dogs treated surgically for epiglottic retroversion (ER), compare the incidence of major postoperative complications between procedures, and report survival of surgically treated dogs. Study design: Multi-institutional retrospective study. Sample population: Fifty dogs treated with 78 procedures. Methods: Medical records of dogs diagnosed and surgically treated for ER from 2003 to 2017 at 11 institutions were reviewed. Complications were divided into intraoperative and major postoperative complications. Results: Intraoperative complications occurred during 2 of 78 (2.6%) procedures. Thirty-six major postoperative complications were documented in 22 dogs after 36 of 74 (48.7%) procedures. Postoperative complications occurred after 7 of 12 (58.3%) nonincisional epiglottopexy, 23 of 43 (53.5%) incisional epiglottopexy, 2 of 4 (50%) partial epiglottectomy, 2 of 12 (16.7%) subtotal epiglottectomy, and 2 of 3 (66.7%) other surgical procedures. Epiglottopexy failure was the most common major postoperative complication. The incidence of major postoperative complications did not differ between procedures (P =.1239), although, when combined, epiglottopexy procedures (30/55) had a higher incidence of complications than epiglottectomy procedures (4/16; P =.048). Thirty (60%) dogs were alive at a median of 928 days (range, 114-2805), 8 (16%) were lost to follow-up after 411 days (range, 43-1158), and 12 (24%) were dead/euthanized after 301.5 days (range, 3-1212). Median survival time was not reached after a median of 716 days. Conclusion: Although intraoperative complications were uncommon, major postoperative complications were common, especially after epiglottopexy procedures. Clinical significance: Although surgical treatment of ER is associated with a high rate of major postoperative complications, especially epiglottopexy procedures, long-term survival can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Surgery
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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postoperative complications
Dogs
dogs
incidence
Intraoperative Complications
Incidence
retrospective studies
Lost to Follow-Up
surgery
experimental design
Medical Records
Retrospective Studies

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  • veterinary(all)

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Intraoperative and major postoperative complications and survival of dogs undergoing surgical management of epiglottic retroversion : 50 dogs (2003-2017). / Mullins, Ronan A.; Stanley, Bryden J.; Flanders, James A.; López, Pablo Pérez; Collivignarelli, Francesco; Doyle, Ronan S.; Schuenemann, Riccarda; Oechtering, Gerhard; Steffey, Michele A; Lipscomb, Victoria J.; Hardie, Robert J.; Kirby, Barbara M.; McAlinden, Aidan B.

In: Veterinary Surgery, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mullins, RA, Stanley, BJ, Flanders, JA, López, PP, Collivignarelli, F, Doyle, RS, Schuenemann, R, Oechtering, G, Steffey, MA, Lipscomb, VJ, Hardie, RJ, Kirby, BM & McAlinden, AB 2019, 'Intraoperative and major postoperative complications and survival of dogs undergoing surgical management of epiglottic retroversion: 50 dogs (2003-2017)', Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13226
Mullins, Ronan A. ; Stanley, Bryden J. ; Flanders, James A. ; López, Pablo Pérez ; Collivignarelli, Francesco ; Doyle, Ronan S. ; Schuenemann, Riccarda ; Oechtering, Gerhard ; Steffey, Michele A ; Lipscomb, Victoria J. ; Hardie, Robert J. ; Kirby, Barbara M. ; McAlinden, Aidan B. / Intraoperative and major postoperative complications and survival of dogs undergoing surgical management of epiglottic retroversion : 50 dogs (2003-2017). In: Veterinary Surgery. 2019.
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title = "Intraoperative and major postoperative complications and survival of dogs undergoing surgical management of epiglottic retroversion: 50 dogs (2003-2017)",
abstract = "Objective: To report intraoperative and major postoperative complications in dogs treated surgically for epiglottic retroversion (ER), compare the incidence of major postoperative complications between procedures, and report survival of surgically treated dogs. Study design: Multi-institutional retrospective study. Sample population: Fifty dogs treated with 78 procedures. Methods: Medical records of dogs diagnosed and surgically treated for ER from 2003 to 2017 at 11 institutions were reviewed. Complications were divided into intraoperative and major postoperative complications. Results: Intraoperative complications occurred during 2 of 78 (2.6{\%}) procedures. Thirty-six major postoperative complications were documented in 22 dogs after 36 of 74 (48.7{\%}) procedures. Postoperative complications occurred after 7 of 12 (58.3{\%}) nonincisional epiglottopexy, 23 of 43 (53.5{\%}) incisional epiglottopexy, 2 of 4 (50{\%}) partial epiglottectomy, 2 of 12 (16.7{\%}) subtotal epiglottectomy, and 2 of 3 (66.7{\%}) other surgical procedures. Epiglottopexy failure was the most common major postoperative complication. The incidence of major postoperative complications did not differ between procedures (P =.1239), although, when combined, epiglottopexy procedures (30/55) had a higher incidence of complications than epiglottectomy procedures (4/16; P =.048). Thirty (60{\%}) dogs were alive at a median of 928 days (range, 114-2805), 8 (16{\%}) were lost to follow-up after 411 days (range, 43-1158), and 12 (24{\%}) were dead/euthanized after 301.5 days (range, 3-1212). Median survival time was not reached after a median of 716 days. Conclusion: Although intraoperative complications were uncommon, major postoperative complications were common, especially after epiglottopexy procedures. Clinical significance: Although surgical treatment of ER is associated with a high rate of major postoperative complications, especially epiglottopexy procedures, long-term survival can be achieved.",
author = "Mullins, {Ronan A.} and Stanley, {Bryden J.} and Flanders, {James A.} and L{\'o}pez, {Pablo P{\'e}rez} and Francesco Collivignarelli and Doyle, {Ronan S.} and Riccarda Schuenemann and Gerhard Oechtering and Steffey, {Michele A} and Lipscomb, {Victoria J.} and Hardie, {Robert J.} and Kirby, {Barbara M.} and McAlinden, {Aidan B.}",
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T1 - Intraoperative and major postoperative complications and survival of dogs undergoing surgical management of epiglottic retroversion

T2 - 50 dogs (2003-2017)

AU - Mullins, Ronan A.

AU - Stanley, Bryden J.

AU - Flanders, James A.

AU - López, Pablo Pérez

AU - Collivignarelli, Francesco

AU - Doyle, Ronan S.

AU - Schuenemann, Riccarda

AU - Oechtering, Gerhard

AU - Steffey, Michele A

AU - Lipscomb, Victoria J.

AU - Hardie, Robert J.

AU - Kirby, Barbara M.

AU - McAlinden, Aidan B.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: To report intraoperative and major postoperative complications in dogs treated surgically for epiglottic retroversion (ER), compare the incidence of major postoperative complications between procedures, and report survival of surgically treated dogs. Study design: Multi-institutional retrospective study. Sample population: Fifty dogs treated with 78 procedures. Methods: Medical records of dogs diagnosed and surgically treated for ER from 2003 to 2017 at 11 institutions were reviewed. Complications were divided into intraoperative and major postoperative complications. Results: Intraoperative complications occurred during 2 of 78 (2.6%) procedures. Thirty-six major postoperative complications were documented in 22 dogs after 36 of 74 (48.7%) procedures. Postoperative complications occurred after 7 of 12 (58.3%) nonincisional epiglottopexy, 23 of 43 (53.5%) incisional epiglottopexy, 2 of 4 (50%) partial epiglottectomy, 2 of 12 (16.7%) subtotal epiglottectomy, and 2 of 3 (66.7%) other surgical procedures. Epiglottopexy failure was the most common major postoperative complication. The incidence of major postoperative complications did not differ between procedures (P =.1239), although, when combined, epiglottopexy procedures (30/55) had a higher incidence of complications than epiglottectomy procedures (4/16; P =.048). Thirty (60%) dogs were alive at a median of 928 days (range, 114-2805), 8 (16%) were lost to follow-up after 411 days (range, 43-1158), and 12 (24%) were dead/euthanized after 301.5 days (range, 3-1212). Median survival time was not reached after a median of 716 days. Conclusion: Although intraoperative complications were uncommon, major postoperative complications were common, especially after epiglottopexy procedures. Clinical significance: Although surgical treatment of ER is associated with a high rate of major postoperative complications, especially epiglottopexy procedures, long-term survival can be achieved.

AB - Objective: To report intraoperative and major postoperative complications in dogs treated surgically for epiglottic retroversion (ER), compare the incidence of major postoperative complications between procedures, and report survival of surgically treated dogs. Study design: Multi-institutional retrospective study. Sample population: Fifty dogs treated with 78 procedures. Methods: Medical records of dogs diagnosed and surgically treated for ER from 2003 to 2017 at 11 institutions were reviewed. Complications were divided into intraoperative and major postoperative complications. Results: Intraoperative complications occurred during 2 of 78 (2.6%) procedures. Thirty-six major postoperative complications were documented in 22 dogs after 36 of 74 (48.7%) procedures. Postoperative complications occurred after 7 of 12 (58.3%) nonincisional epiglottopexy, 23 of 43 (53.5%) incisional epiglottopexy, 2 of 4 (50%) partial epiglottectomy, 2 of 12 (16.7%) subtotal epiglottectomy, and 2 of 3 (66.7%) other surgical procedures. Epiglottopexy failure was the most common major postoperative complication. The incidence of major postoperative complications did not differ between procedures (P =.1239), although, when combined, epiglottopexy procedures (30/55) had a higher incidence of complications than epiglottectomy procedures (4/16; P =.048). Thirty (60%) dogs were alive at a median of 928 days (range, 114-2805), 8 (16%) were lost to follow-up after 411 days (range, 43-1158), and 12 (24%) were dead/euthanized after 301.5 days (range, 3-1212). Median survival time was not reached after a median of 716 days. Conclusion: Although intraoperative complications were uncommon, major postoperative complications were common, especially after epiglottopexy procedures. Clinical significance: Although surgical treatment of ER is associated with a high rate of major postoperative complications, especially epiglottopexy procedures, long-term survival can be achieved.

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