Summary: Transmural myocardial blood flow was measured with microspheres in systole and in diastole, along with intramyocardial pressure, in seven anaesthetised horses. Intramyocardial pressures were measured with a miniature manometer implanted in the tip of a 16-gauge needle. Peak systolic intramyocardial pressure decreased from subendocardium to subepicardium and never exceeded intraventricular pressure. Systolic blood flow decreased from epicardium to endocardium where it did not differ from zero. Diastolic blood flow increased from epicardium to subendocardium, but then decreased in the most endocardial layer to a level not different from the immediate subepicardial layer. The horse was a useful model for studying these parameters because the ventricular walls are so thick and the heart rate is so slow that injections may be made during various phases of the cardiac cycle. These results of transmural myocardial blood flow and intramyocardial pressure measured in the same animal are identical with those of others, except for the reduction in subendocardial blood flow compared with the layers just epicardial to that.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics
- Physiology (medical)
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine