Intramyocardial pressure and distribution of coronary blood flow during systole and diastole in the horse

Robert L. Hamlin, Murina J. Levesque, Mark D Kittleson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary: Transmural myocardial blood flow was measured with microspheres in systole and in diastole, along with intramyocardial pressure, in seven anaesthetised horses. Intramyocardial pressures were measured with a miniature manometer implanted in the tip of a 16-gauge needle. Peak systolic intramyocardial pressure decreased from subendocardium to subepicardium and never exceeded intraventricular pressure. Systolic blood flow decreased from epicardium to endocardium where it did not differ from zero. Diastolic blood flow increased from epicardium to subendocardium, but then decreased in the most endocardial layer to a level not different from the immediate subepicardial layer. The horse was a useful model for studying these parameters because the ventricular walls are so thick and the heart rate is so slow that injections may be made during various phases of the cardiac cycle. These results of transmural myocardial blood flow and intramyocardial pressure measured in the same animal are identical with those of others, except for the reduction in subendocardial blood flow compared with the layers just epicardial to that.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-262
Number of pages7
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1982
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coronary Blood Flow
Systole
Diastole
Blood Flow
Horses
Blood
Pressure
Pericardium
Manometers
Endocardium
Microspheres
Heart Rate
Ventricular Pressure
Cardiac
Needles
Gages
Animals
Injection
Gauge
Blood Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Intramyocardial pressure and distribution of coronary blood flow during systole and diastole in the horse. / Hamlin, Robert L.; Levesque, Murina J.; Kittleson, Mark D.

In: Cardiovascular Research, Vol. 16, No. 5, 05.1982, p. 256-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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N2 - Summary: Transmural myocardial blood flow was measured with microspheres in systole and in diastole, along with intramyocardial pressure, in seven anaesthetised horses. Intramyocardial pressures were measured with a miniature manometer implanted in the tip of a 16-gauge needle. Peak systolic intramyocardial pressure decreased from subendocardium to subepicardium and never exceeded intraventricular pressure. Systolic blood flow decreased from epicardium to endocardium where it did not differ from zero. Diastolic blood flow increased from epicardium to subendocardium, but then decreased in the most endocardial layer to a level not different from the immediate subepicardial layer. The horse was a useful model for studying these parameters because the ventricular walls are so thick and the heart rate is so slow that injections may be made during various phases of the cardiac cycle. These results of transmural myocardial blood flow and intramyocardial pressure measured in the same animal are identical with those of others, except for the reduction in subendocardial blood flow compared with the layers just epicardial to that.

AB - Summary: Transmural myocardial blood flow was measured with microspheres in systole and in diastole, along with intramyocardial pressure, in seven anaesthetised horses. Intramyocardial pressures were measured with a miniature manometer implanted in the tip of a 16-gauge needle. Peak systolic intramyocardial pressure decreased from subendocardium to subepicardium and never exceeded intraventricular pressure. Systolic blood flow decreased from epicardium to endocardium where it did not differ from zero. Diastolic blood flow increased from epicardium to subendocardium, but then decreased in the most endocardial layer to a level not different from the immediate subepicardial layer. The horse was a useful model for studying these parameters because the ventricular walls are so thick and the heart rate is so slow that injections may be made during various phases of the cardiac cycle. These results of transmural myocardial blood flow and intramyocardial pressure measured in the same animal are identical with those of others, except for the reduction in subendocardial blood flow compared with the layers just epicardial to that.

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