In retinal raster imaging modalities, fixational eye movements manifest as image warp, where the relative positions of the beam and retina change during the acquisition of single frames. To remove warp artifacts, strip-based registration methods–in which fast-axis strips from target images are registered to a reference frame–have been applied in adaptive optics (AO) scanning light ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). This approach has enabled object tracking and frame averaging, and methods have been described to automatically select reference frames with minimal motion. However, inconspicuous motion artifacts may persist in reference frames and propagate themselves throughout the processes of registration, tracking, and averaging. Here we test a previously proposed method for removing movement artifacts in reference frames, using biases in stripwise cross-correlation statistics. We applied the method to synthetic retinal images with simulated eye motion artifacts as well as real AO-SLO images of the cone mosaic and volumetric AO-OCT images, both affected by eye motion. In the case of synthetic images, the method was validated by direct comparison with motion-free versions of the images. In the case of real AO images, performance was validated by comparing the correlation of uncorrected images with that of corrected images, by quantifying the effect of motion artifacts on the image power spectra, and by qualitative examination of AO-OCT B-scans and en face projections. In all cases, the proposed method reduced motion artifacts and produced more faithful images of the retina.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)