Acyloxyacyl hydrolase (AOAH), an enzyme that removes the secondary acyl chains of gram-negative bacterial lipid A (endotoxin), has been identified previously in human neutrophils and mouse macrophages. We report here that bovine leukocytes also contain AOAH activity. Although bovine AOAH deacylates bacterial lipopolysaccharide in a manner similar to human AOAH, it is active in vitro over a broader pH range, from 4.0 to 7.0. By using Escherichia coli infection of the bovine mammary gland as a model of localized gram-negative bacterial disease and associated tissue inflammation, AOAH activity per leukocyte increased. In addition, AOAH activity increased in the cell-free portion of infected mammary secretions. These data indicate that AOAH activity increases in leukocytes associated with inflammation induced by gram-negative bacteria and provide additional evidence of its potential involvement in the defense against the effects of bacterial endotoxin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Infection and Immunity|
|State||Published - 1991|
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