Intoxication of nontarget wildlife with rodenticides in northwestern kansas

Mark G. Ruder, Robert H. Poppenga, John A. Bryan, Matt Bain, Jim Pitman, M. Kevin Keel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The perception of prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.) both as a nuisance species and a keystone species presents a significant challenge to land, livestock, and wildlife managers. Anticoagulant and nonanticoagulant rodenticides are commonly employed to control prairie dog populations throughout their range. Chlorophacinone, and to a lesser extent zinc phosphide, are widely used in northwestern Kansas for controlling black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) populations. Although zinc phosphide poisoning of gallinaceous birds is not uncommon, there are few published accounts of nontarget chlorophacinone poisoning of wildlife. We report three mortality events involving nontarget rodenticide poisoning in several species, including wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), a raccoon (Procyon lotor), and an American badger (Taxidea taxus). This includes the first documentation of chlorophacinone intoxication in wild turkeys and an American badger in the literature. The extent of nontarget poisoning in this area is currently unknown and warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-216
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Anticoagulant rodenticides
  • Chlorophacinone
  • Meleagris gallopavo
  • Prairie dog control
  • Procyon lotor
  • Taxidea taxus
  • Zinc phosphide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


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