Intestinal secretion of lipids and lipoproteins during carbohydrate absorption in the rat

N. L. Keim, J. A. Marlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess the effects of carbohydrate ingestion on the characteristics and quantities of triglyceride-rich lipoprotiens produced by the intestine, mesenteric lymph was collected from rats receiving intraduodenal infusions of saline, sucrose or starch. Lymph total lipid (mg/hour) was greatest during saline infusion, decreased during sucrose and became significantly less (P<0.05) during starch infusion. Lipoproteins were isolated from lymph by ultracentrifugation followed by gel filtration chromatography. During saline infusion total lipid in very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) was 2-fold higher than total lipid in chylomicrons; with both carbohydrate infusions this ratio increased to seven. Both carbohydrates significantly lowered the rate of secretion of total lipid as chylomicrons. The VLDL lipid secretion rates during sucrose infusion were equivalent to those during saline, whereas starch infusion tended to decrease VLDL lipid secretion rates. These results suggest that during the process of carbohydrate absorption, carbohydrate does not enhance the flow in intestinal VLDL into the circulation; digestion and absorption of complex carbohydrates in fact may retard the intestinal contribution of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1354-1364
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume110
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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