Intestinal microbiota and blue baby syndrome probiotic therapy for term neonates with cyanotic congenital heart disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common intestinal emergency among premature infants. Risk factors in premature infants include immature intestinal immunity and an intestinal microbiota dominated by hospital-acquired bacteria. Some probiotics have been shown to decrease the incidence of NEC in premature infants. Among term infants, NEC is rare. However, among term infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD), the incidence of NEC is similar to that of premature infants but with even greater mortality rates. Mechanisms by which NEC occurs in term infants with CCHD are unknown. Of central interest is the potential role of changes in the intestinal microbiota and whether these can be modified with probiotic bacteria; accordingly, we review the literature, propose hypotheses and present the rationale for future studies involving preliminary probiotic clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGut Microbes
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2010



  • Bifidobacterium
  • Cyanotic congenital heart disease
  • Intestinal microbiota
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Probiotic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

Cite this