The mechanism by which lipid in the duodenum inhibits gastric emptying was investigated in awake rats fitted with chronic gastric and duodenal cannulas. Perfusion of the duodenum with lipid (Intralipid, 5 and 10%; total amount 50 and 100 mg) caused a significant inhibition (26 and 78%, respectively) of gastric emptying of a nonnutrient liquid (0.9% saline). Functional ablation of the capsaicin-sensitive vagal, but not the spinal, sensory innervation to the upper gastrointestinal tract significantly attenuated by 57% lipid- induced inhibition of gastric emptying. In intact rats, administration of a specific cholecystokinin (CCK)-A receptor antagonist, devazepide, significantly attenuated by 66% the response to lipid. Administration of devazepide in perivagal capsaicin-treated rats did not further reduce the response to lipid. These results suggest that lipid in the duodenum inhibits gastric emptying via a mechanism involving an action of CCK at type A receptors and capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||4 30-4|
|State||Published - 1994|
- gastric motility
- sensory innervation
ASJC Scopus subject areas