Intersection of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status in Mortality After Breast Cancer

Salma Shariff-Marco, Juan Yang, Esther M. John, Allison W. Kurian, Iona Cheng, Rita Leung, Jocelyn Koo, Kristine R. Monroe, Brian E. Henderson, Leslie Bernstein, Yani Lu, Marilyn L. Kwan, Richard Sposto, Cheryl L.P. Vigen, Anna H. Wu, Theresa H Keegan, Scarlett Lin Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


We investigated social disparities in breast cancer (BC) mortality, leveraging data from the California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium. The associations of race/ethnicity, education, and neighborhood SES (nSES) with all-cause and BC-specific mortality were assessed among 9372 women with BC (diagnosed 1993–2007 in California with follow-up through 2010) from four racial/ethnic groups [African American, Asian American, Latina, and non-Latina (NL) White] using Cox proportional hazards models. Compared to NL White women with high-education/high-nSES, higher all-cause mortality was observed among NL White women with high-education/low-nSES [hazard ratio (HR) (95 % confidence interval) 1.24 (1.08–1.43)], and African American women with low-nSES, regardless of education [high education HR 1.24 (1.03–1.49); low-education HR 1.19 (0.99–1.44)]. Latina women with low-education/high-nSES had lower all-cause mortality [HR 0.70 (0.54–0.90)] and non-significant lower mortality was observed for Asian American women, regardless of their education and nSES. Similar patterns were seen for BC-specific mortality. Individual- and neighborhood-level measures of SES interact with race/ethnicity to impact mortality after BC diagnosis. Considering the joint impacts of these social factors may offer insights to understanding inequalities by multiple social determinants of health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1299
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 14 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Breast cancer survival
  • Education
  • Neighborhood socioeconomic status
  • Racial/ethnic disparities
  • Socioeconomic disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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