The structural elucidation of oligosaccharides remains a major challenge. Mass spectrometry provides a rapid and convenient method for structural elucidation based on tandem mass spectrometry. Ions commonly are selected and subjected to collision-induced dissociation (CID) to obtain structural information. Unfortunately, N-linked oligosaccharides are relatively large compounds and are not readily fragmented using CID. In this report, we illustrate the use of infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD) to obtain structural information for large N-linked oligosaccharides. The IRMPD and CID behavior of oligosaccharides were compared for high-mannose-type oligosaccharides. Fragmentation that could not be obtained through conventional CID in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry was observed with N-linked oligosaccharides. O-Linked and N-linked glycans of similarly large sizes were compared. It was found that internal cross-ring cleavages were observed only for N-linked oligosaccharides. The mannose branch points of N-linked oligosaccharides are apparently more susceptible to cross-ring cleavages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry