Interleukin (IL)-5 but not immunoglobulin E reconstitutes airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness in IL-4-deficient mice

E. Hamelmann, K. Takeda, Angela Franciska Haczku, G. Cieslewicz, L. Shultz, Q. Hamid, Z. Xing, J. Gauldie, E. W. Gelfand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


We studied the role of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and allergen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E in the development of allergen-induced sensitization, airway inflammation, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Normal, IL-4-, and IL-5-deficient C57BL/6 mice were sensitized intraperitoneally to ovalbumin (OVA) and repeatedly challenged with OVA via the airways. After allergen sensitization and airway challenge, normal and IL-5-deficient, but not IL-4-deficient, mice developed increased serum levels of total and antigen-specific IgE levels and increased IL-4 production in the lung tissue compared with nonsensitized control mice. Only normal mice showed significantly increased IL-5 production in the lung tissue and an eosinophilic infiltration of the peribronchial regions of the airways, whereas both IL-4- and IL-5-deficient mice had little or no IL-5 production and no significant eosinophilic airway inflammation. Associated with the inflammatory responses in the lung, only normal mice developed increased airway responsiveness to methacholine after sensitization and airway challenge; in both IL-4- and IL-5-deficient mice, airway responsiveness was similar to that in nonsensitized control mice. Reconstitution of sensitized, IL-4-deficient mice before allergen airway challenge with IL-5, but not with allergen-specific IgE, restored eosinophilic airway inflammation and the development of AHR. These data demonstrate the importance of IL-4 for allergen-driven airway sensitization and that IL-5, but not allergen-specific IgE, is required for development of eosinophilic airway inflammation and AHR after this mode of sensitization and challenge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Molecular Biology


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