Interactions of human blood plasma with hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorous acid

Albert van der Vliet, Miao Lin Hu, Charles A. O'Neill, Carroll E Cross, Barry Halliwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Activated neutrophils produce both hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Previous work has shown that HOCl depletes antioxidants, modifies proteins, and forms fatty acid chlorohydrins but does not cause significant lipid peroxidation in human plasma. Because activated phagocytes have been claimed to stimulate lipid peroxidation in plasma, we examined the effects of H2O2 and HOCl alone and in combination on plasma constituents. Hydrogen peroxide at concentrations below 0.5 mmol/L had little effect, but 1 to 2 mmol/L H2O2 caused loss of ascorbic acid and protein thiol groups, an effect potentiated by preincubation of the plasma with sodium azide to inhibit catalase. H2O2 caused no detectable lipid peroxidation or loss of α-tocopherol in plasma, but some depletion of ubiquinol occurred. The combination of HOCI and H2O2 caused more lipid peroxidation than either agent alone. Peroxidation was not inhibited by the metal chelators ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and deferoxamine or by the singlet O2/hydroxyl radical scavenger histidine. We hypothesize that the phagocyte-derived H2O2 and HOCl could interact in the microenvironment of the activated leukocyte to induce lipid peroxidation of plasma lipoproteins or cell membranes (or both).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-707
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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