In seven alpha-chloralose anesthetized dogs we examined the contribution of lung afferent to the rapid, shallow breathing induced by inhalation of 10 breaths of histamine aerosol. In four spontaneously breathing dogs, the inhalation of histamine caused an increased respiratory frequency, decreased tidal volume, and decreased dynamic lung compliance. Selective blockade of pulmonary C-fibers abolished a reflex-induced increase in respiratory frequency, but did not significantly affect the reductions in tidal volume or lung compliance. Terbutaline treatment in combination with C-fiber blockade abolished the reductions in tidal volume and lung compliance induced by histamine. In three separate alpha-chloralose anesthetized, open-chest, mechanically ventilated dogs, we recorded an increase in the inspiratory activity of rapidly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (RARs) induced by the inhalation of histamine aerosol. Selective C-fiber blockade abolished histamine-induced increases in RAR activity while only partially attenuating reductions in lung compliance. We conclude that the increase in RAR activity induced by histamine depends on intact C-fibers and not on a direct effect of histamine on RARs or an indirect effect of histamine reducing lung compliance. In addition, our data illustrate the multiple interactions that occur between the various vagal afferents and their roles in the reflexes induced by histamine inhalation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 2000|
- Pulmonary defense reflex
- Rapidly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine