Insulin-like growth factor-1 and lean body mass in HIV-infected children

Caroline J Chantry, Michael D. Hughes, Carmelita Alvero, Joseph S. Cervia, Janice Hodge, Peggy Borum, Jack Moye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES:: To describe insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-1-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and IGFBP-3 in HIV+ children before and after initiating or changing antiretroviral therapy and to evaluate association of growth and body composition to growth factors at baseline and over time. METHODS:: Ninety-seven prepubertal HIV+ children aged 1 month to younger than 13 years were observed over 48 weeks after beginning or changing antiretroviral therapy. Serum IGF-1, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 were measured and compared with age- and sex-specific norms. Anthropometric measures were compared as follows: subjects vs matched children from (a) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to generate z scores and (b) HIV-exposed, uninfected children from Women and Infants Transmission Study; and subjects with normal vs abnormal IGF-1 and IGFBP concentrations at baseline. Anthropometric changes were compared for children whose IGF-1 level normalized vs remaining subjects. Multivariate analysis adjusting for sex, race, and baseline age evaluated associations between anthropometry and IGF-1 and IGFBP concentrations. RESULTS:: In multivariate analysis, lower baseline IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were associated with lower mean weight, height, mid-arm muscle circumference, and mid-thigh circumference z scores. Twenty-four percent of children had a low IGF-1 level at baseline, 50% of whom normalized IGF-1 on study. Children whose IGF-1 normalized had greater increases in mean mid-arm muscle circumference z score (1.00 vs -0.03, P = 0.029), but a trend toward lesser mean height increase (P = 0.082) than remaining subjects. Likewise, in comparison to controls from Women and Infants Transmission Study, mean mid-arm muscle circumference also increased more in children whose IGF-1 normalized (P = 0.024) but mean height changed less (P = 0.003). Fifty-five percent of children had elevated IGFBP-1 at baseline, 69% of whom normalized. CONCLUSIONS:: IGF-1 increases and IGFBP-1 decreases in HIV-infected children upon initiation or change in antiretroviral therapy. Improved muscle mass, but not linear growth, is associated with normalized IGF-1 concentration. These findings suggest that IGF-1 may merit evaluation as a potential therapeutic strategy to improve lean body mass in HIV-infected children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-443
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008


  • Binding protein-3
  • Binding proteins
  • Body composition
  • Children
  • Growth
  • HIV
  • IGF-1
  • IGF-1-binding protein-1
  • Insulin-like growth factor-1
  • Lean body mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Immunology


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