Instrumentation and technique of removal of permanent teeth in the dog.

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5 Scopus citations


A practical method was developed to remove the different permanent teeth of the dog as atraumatically as possible and with a minimal risk of complications. Emphasis is placed on the importance of completely loosening the root from its periodontal attachment and subsequently lifting the tooth out by means of a root elevator, instead of forceful extraction with an extraction forceps. Specific considerations for each tooth are given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the South African Veterinary Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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